Class Notes (998,781)
CA (575,765)
UOttawa (36,575)
CRM (2,629)
Lecture 21

CRM2309 Lecture 21: CRM 2309 A - Lecture 21

5 pages75 viewsFall 2017

Department
Criminology
Course Code
CRM 2309
Professor
Erin Mc Cuaig
Lecture
21

This preview shows page 1. to view the full 5 pages of the document.
November 23
CRM 2309 A
Lecture 21
Part A: Female Prisoners and Health
Female prisoners carry a greater burden of disease, sexual victimization, substance use, and
trauma.
They are often pregnant and are get impregnated during a previous time to prison
Prison Rape Elimination Act (2003)
Sexual assault and STD’s are common among women—1 in 10 prisoners
More victimization comes from staff than from other inmates
3x as many victims claim to be victimized—but stigmas may prevent males from coming forth—
and twice as many claim to be victimized by staff
Anumba and Kirk
Many female prisoners were victims themselves before they became perpetrators of crime—
often sexual assault by someone they know
More likely to be exposed to chronic (constant) victimization; abuse substances
-Relational Theory (RT)
oRelationships are a necessary source of comfort for mental health and important
in coping with adversity
Isolation, disconnection can be a major source of psychological stress
oRT of crime:
Unhealthy relationships are a pathway to crime by females
Most serious kind is victimization—sexual, physical, emotional abuse that
happens in childhood
It stunts psychological growth
Women need new social networks to buffer themselves in presence of
stressors
Can be adaptive in situations of life circumstances
***Women have different needs than males—historical look on males has been a
detriment to females
AuCoin and Diane
Seek social support when in the presence of victimization
Informal Support System:
- Advice/ talk to
- Friends
Formal Support System:
- They seek support from shelters, counsellors, victim service agencies, crisi centres
Found violent victimization=formal support systems
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Only page 1 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

November 23
Reading: Robert, Sylvie, and Renée
Women have poor health:
- Oppression in life
- Lifestyles in incarceration
- Overall experience of imprisonment
Before going to prison they have to deal with racism, sexism, etc. and these take shape in
poverty. There is a lack of material, social, and symbolic resources available to them—many
were involved in drug use, sex trade work, unprotected sex with high risk partners.
When these are coupled together with bad healthcare—and not taking advantage of the
healthcare in Canada—can have traumatic outcomes.
Emphasize idea of corporeal dimension of prison:
- Pain inflicted to punish prisoner
- Still exists by confining and isolating prisoners
- To make women exercise how they go about their body
- Imprint messages, laws and regulations on their body through the harsh enforcement of
rules
- Women do not have control over healthcare—if they need it, they can’t just go get it;
they have to ask, get permission, and be escorted
Health is a product of our environment; it’s not an individual matter
Politics of the body”: paradox between care and punishment
- Institution is intended to punish
- But they are responsible for the health and safety of prisoners
Suggestions:
- When healthcare is independent of prison—not reporting to, in control by, etc.—then
healthcare becomes a sanctuary
- More value when not taking the institution into concern
Healthcare and control of body are sites of control and sites of resistance
- Prisons try to obtain submission from inmates through healthcare
oWithholding it, limiting it
oAs a result, women will result to resistance—self-harm
Body becomes site of control and then to resist
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Only page 1 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Only page 1 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Only page 1 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version


Loved by over 2.2 million students

Over 90% improved by at least one letter grade.