Colons and Apostrophes
Rules for Colons
Rule 1- Use a colon after an independent clause to direct attention to a list, an appositive or a quotation.
A list- Your routine should include the following: 25 knee-bends, 50 sit-ups, 15 leg-lifts and 5 minutes of
An appositive- My roommate is guilty of two deadly sins: gluttony and sloth.
A quote- Consider Trudeau’s words: I will not leave Canada until the government is completely bilingual.
Rule 2- Use a colon between independent clauses if the second summarizes or explains the first.
Faith is like love: it cannot be forced.
A colon must always be preceded by an independent clause.
Misuse 1- placing a colon between a verb and its object:
Some important vitamins are: Vitamin A, Vitamin D and Vitamin B12
Misuse 2- Using a colon between a preposition and its object:
The heart`s two pumps each consist of: an upper chamber, or atrium, and a low chamber, or ventricle.
Misuse 3- After such as, including, or for example
The trees on campus include many Japanese specimens such as: black