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Lecture 10

ENG1100 Lecture 10: November 12, 2015 Lecture Notes

Course Code
ENG 1100
Hazel Atkins

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ENG1100 – Workshop in Essay Writing
November 12, 2015
Argument Analysis
Toulim Method of Argument Analysis
Claim: the position or claim being argued for; the conclusion of the argument
Reason: reasons or supporting evidence that bolster the claim
Assumption (Logic): the principle or chain of reasoning that connects the
grounds/reasons to the claim
Backing (Proof): support, justification, reasons to back up the assumption
Rebuttal/Reservation: exceptions to the claim; description and rebuttal of counter-
examples and counter-arguments
Qualification: specification of limits to claim, warrant and backing. The degree of
conditionality asserted
The Magic Number Three
What is it about threes?
“Omne Trium Perfectum”
Rule of Three:
Smallest number of elements you can have to establish a pattern and break a pattern
One: establish interest
Two: builds to climax
Three: releases tension
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