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Short Story Fiction and Literary Terms.docx

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Kja Isaacson

Short Story Fiction and Literary Terms 1/10/2013 9:59:00 AM short story has only been around for 100-200 years. It incorporates many different genres(horror, terror, etc) Short Story: A fictional prose tale of no specified length, but too short to be published as a volume on its own, as novellas sometimes and novels usually are. A short story will normally concentrate on a single event with only one or two characters, more economically than novels sustained exploration of social background. Genre: The French term for type, species, or class of composition. A literary genre is a recognizable and established category of written work employing such common conventions as will prevent readers or audiences from mistaking it for another kind. Subgenre: any category of literary work that forms a specific class within a larger genre. Fairytale: a traditional folktale adapted and written own for the entertainment of children, usually featuring, marvelous events and characters, although fairies as such are less often found in them than princesses, talking animas , ogres, and witches. Folktale: A story passed on by word of mouth rather than writing, and thus partly modified by successive re-telling‟s before being written down or recorded. The category includes legends, fables, jokes, tall stories, and fairy tales or Marchen. Many folktales involves mythical creatures. Fable: A brief tale in verse or prose that conveys a moral lesson, usually by giving human speech and manners to animals and inanimate things. Fables often conclude with amoral, delivered in the form of an epigram. Moral: The instructive point of the story. the lesson to be drawn from the outcome of the action. Symbol: a person, a thing, or a spectacle, that represents something else, usually something less palpable than the name symbol. The relationship between the symbol and its referent is not often one of simple equivalence. Gothic fiction: A story of terror and suspense, usually set in a gloomy old castle or monastery (hence „gothic‟, a term applied to medieval architecture and thus associated in the 18 thcentury with superstition). Dark, gloomy, depressing frightening atmosphere, supernatural, apparitions, ghost haunting, excessive, dramatic. Tone: wide ranging metaphorical term that invites analogy to the speakers tone. Tone reveals the story tellers attitude towards the scene. Atmosphere: enveloping spirit or mood of story Mood: The feel of a story Narrator: one who tells, or is assumed to be telling the story in a given narrative. In First person narration: the character tells the story in his or hers own words. Protagonist: chief character Focus of interest: whatever the author tries to make most prominent in his or her narration. Description: Those passaged devoted to a presentation of the appearance of characters or the setting. Setting: The physical and cultural environment within which action takes place. The stage that serves to demonstrate the qualities of a protagonist. An arena suitable for conflict. Milieu: The political, social, cultural, economic, and intellectual aspects of the setting. Milieu is to setting as
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