Short Story Fiction and Literary Terms 1/10/2013 9:59:00 AM
short story has only been around for 100-200 years. It incorporates many
different genres(horror, terror, etc)
Short Story: A fictional prose tale of no specified length, but too short to be
published as a volume on its own, as novellas sometimes and novels usually
are. A short story will normally concentrate on a single event with only one
or two characters, more economically than novels sustained exploration of
Genre: The French term for type, species, or class of composition. A literary
genre is a recognizable and established category of written work employing
such common conventions as will prevent readers or audiences from
mistaking it for another kind.
Subgenre: any category of literary work that forms a specific class within a
Fairytale: a traditional folktale adapted and written own for the
entertainment of children, usually featuring, marvelous events and
characters, although fairies as such are less often found in them than
princesses, talking animas , ogres, and witches.
Folktale: A story passed on by word of mouth rather than writing, and thus
partly modified by successive re-telling‟s before being written down or
recorded. The category includes legends, fables, jokes, tall stories, and fairy
tales or Marchen. Many folktales involves mythical creatures.
Fable: A brief tale in verse or prose that conveys a moral lesson, usually by
giving human speech and manners to animals and inanimate things. Fables
often conclude with amoral, delivered in the form of an epigram.
Moral: The instructive point of the story. the lesson to be drawn from the
outcome of the action.
Symbol: a person, a thing, or a spectacle, that represents something else,
usually something less palpable than the name symbol. The relationship
between the symbol and its referent is not often one of simple equivalence. Gothic fiction: A story of terror and suspense, usually set in a gloomy old
castle or monastery (hence „gothic‟, a term applied to medieval architecture
and thus associated in the 18 thcentury with superstition). Dark, gloomy,
depressing frightening atmosphere, supernatural, apparitions, ghost
haunting, excessive, dramatic.
Tone: wide ranging metaphorical term that invites analogy to the speakers
tone. Tone reveals the story tellers attitude towards the scene.
Atmosphere: enveloping spirit or mood of story
Mood: The feel of a story
Narrator: one who tells, or is assumed to be telling the story in a given
In First person narration: the character tells the story in his or hers own
Protagonist: chief character
Focus of interest: whatever the author tries to make most prominent in his
or her narration.
Description: Those passaged devoted to a presentation of the appearance
of characters or the setting.
Setting: The physical and cultural environment within which action takes
place. The stage that serves to demonstrate the qualities of a protagonist.
An arena suitable for conflict.
Milieu: The political, social, cultural, economic, and intellectual aspects of
the setting. Milieu is to setting as