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Lecture 3

ENG 1120 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Arable Land, Escapism, Bildungsroman

Course Code
ENG 1120
Breid Mc Ilkenny

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Araby by James Joyce
January 22, 2016
James Joyce:
- Modernist, Irish writer and poet
- Didn’t like the overbearing influence of the Catholic church in Ireland at the time
Moved to Italy after his marriage
- Writing was always set in Dublin
- Epiphany: A profound realization about oneself
- “Araby” is from Dubliners published in 1914
- Stagnant feeling
- Narrator is looking for something more, but is constantly thwarted
- Araby is the poetic name for Arabia
Was thought to be exotic & different
Arable land (fertile and rich)
Something to be yearned after
- Street is a cul-de-sac
Sense of inscrutability, no sense of neighbourliness
Treated as banal, not very interesting
- The priest and the house:
The memoirs of Vidocq – about a French criminal turned detective
- Escapism by the priest, reading about things he can never do
Garden featuring an apple tree and bushes – garden of Eden
- Parody of romanticism (When the short days…From the buckled harness)
Sense of snobbery “The rough tribes of the cottages”
- The narrator lives in a brown house & thus is better than those in the
- Mangan’s sister is shown surrounded by light
Some see her as a metaphor for the Catholic church
“Yet her name was like a summons to all my foolish blood”
The chalice
“Holding a spike” – reference to the crucifixion
- Narrator is isolated, lives with aunt and uncle
- Pilgrimage to the bazaar, going alone, moving against everyone else
- Surrounded by darkness, derides/lessens himself (“A creature”)
Realization that what he felt for her wasn’t real
- Wasn’t worth the physical & emotional journey that he took for her
- Bildungsroman: Piece of literature that covers the journey from childhood/naivety to
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