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John Keats.docx

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Department
English
Course
ENG2106
Professor
James Brooke- Smith
Semester
Winter

Description
John Keats: Topics and Terms Feb. 10 , 2014 The “egotistical sublime” Negativity capability The odes of 1819 ­ seeking a form of negative capability; in opposition of Colderidge’s ego. Sub. Odes written in 1819; how neg. cap. Functions within poetry Keats: was from a lowly social background (working­class) (Father was a stableman; prepared the livery for horses) Contrast: Byron; came from noble background Keats: trained to become an apothecary Dropped out from his training to pursue his poetry Did not experience much commercial success Was identified as a prodigy; died at age 24 Received many neg. reviews; less on writing and more critical of his social background “Of the Cockney School”; could never be a proper poet Often refer to him as a second gen. of romantic poets Critics: divided them in 2 1 : Blake, Wordsworth, Coleridge 1790s­on nd 2 : Shelley, Byron, Keats 1810s­beyond not necessarily useful; not all poets overlapped Keats: wanted to distance himself from Wordsworth and Coleridge Differences and contrasts between them; Keats: received many personal attacks Social snobbery: working class could not ever write such beautiful poetry Keats: highly ornate, sensuous, high­flown images Nightingale, temple psyche; classical references Critics: Keats should not have access to this Keats: wrote about a Grecian urn (could not afford to buy one): access to elite culture New institution: British museum Also: expectations of literary review= different than it was today Edinb. review and Quarterly review: from radically different political places Ed.: Liberal Quat. Conservative Keats: famously attacked by the press Byron “Keats was snuffed out by an article” ­ caused his death Gravestone: “here lies one whose name was writ in water” Water: new medium; loses its consistency; meaning Comment on the transiency of his writing Poetic theory Wants to contrast W and C Keats accuses them of “the egotistical sublime” Keats thinks: The poetic is unpoetical His identity is less important than what he describes Wordsworth: uses own experience to create a poetic autobiography Philosophizes his own experiences to explain the cosmos More conscious under­bedding to creat
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