Children’s Lit. Sept 20 2013 09/20/2013 09/20/2013 09/20/2013 lecture 5 09/20/2013
September 20, 2013
Essay/Short Story Requirements
*** refer to outline
show don’t tell, action is able to show better.
inner confidence, trusting your instinct
essay topics in outline
boooo I get to do an essay.
Question: is wonderland wonderful? Yes or no?
Defn of wonderful: oxford English dictionary
Wonderland: inspiring, delight, pleasure, or admiration, extremely good; marvelous
team a: yes
team b: no
moderator: timer, organizer, introduces. Judged on how quick witted they are.
Judging text and pictures
Dream framework to the story lecture 5 09/20/2013
Roots of imaginative journey to realism
Which team won and why? This is an exercise in critical distance (objectivity), and tests your
ability to discern each team’s good arguments, and how well they use details from the text or
texts to back up those arguments. You can use your own views, but they MUST be tied into the
central question—which team won and why? Is there a winner? Is there a tie? Is it impossible to
choose a winner?
5 paragraphs minimum. (30 marks) The essay is your answer to the question: Which team won
and why? Use the notes written down on the debate sheet. Which team convinced you they were
the winning team? What were their telling arguments and what evidence did they use from the
text or texts? Do you have quotations and evidence from the text or texts to further the winning
team’s arguments? You may incorporate your own arguments, being careful to focus on the
central questions: which team won and why?
Alice in Wonderland: 18321898
Lecture in mathematics
Pioneer in portrait photography
Fist edition in 1863
Second edition in 1865
Alice’s adventures underground first publication lecture 5 09/20/2013
Romantic movement was a thing of the past
Charles Darwin has an important presence in this kids book
Darwinen battle colors it
Queen Victoria visited the ladelles
L upper middle class, ambitions for all their girls to marry above their class
Great friend of the family, took kids out, visited house, family entertainer
Not blonde/ brunette
Lots of dressed up photos
loved old text/not good at drawing
used ideas like Carroll’s illustrations
Tennely lecture 5 09/20/2013
Illustrated Alice in wonderland
How fascinating the white rabbit is
Lots of humor inside
Amazing at scale
Composition; what is the subject matter of the painting
Period where opium was given out like aspirin
Very social book
How are you being manipulated by the illustrations
Poem from text:
Religious journey Lecture 6 09/20/2013
Originally made out to Alice Liddel
Alices Adventures in Wonderland… whats the meaning?
She is an adventurer
She doesn’t mind risk and what is different
Wonderland is a new word in language
She is adventuress because by nature she is curious
Expert from book
Kids were exposed to harsh realities
Carroll gives what a child wants, a book with pictures and lots of conversations
Willing to take risks and this puts her into unusual and often unsafe situations
marvelous formal for wonderful happenings
playfulness/ two person persona Lecture 6 09/20/2013
all happening in a dream
dream framework/ deliberately taking us here.
Alices began to think little was impossible
didn’t believe it was a fairytale because of the dream framework
No questioning it
No doubting it
Alice doesn’t doubt or question it, except for when she wakes
Someone whom never doubts wonderland
Question the reality of what she is experiencing
Turtle poem… can not say things right.
To teach children to keep busy
Many ridicules verses in this work
Age of authoritarian father figure
Parades of upper middle families in this period
Cards: everyone plays cards, parents children
Schooling: in the mock turtle schooling is shown
Stories: the animals are telling stories; there isn’t a child whom doesn’t love a story Lecture 6 09/20/2013
Wonderland is hard to imagine, there is no map. There is missing structure, move from one house
to another sometimes through doors sometimes not.
No valleys hills, no tress described
Concept of time
Rules of law/ sentence first, verdict afterwards
Profoundly social book
First image of the court
what is the use of a book without pictures and conversations?” p.9
answered by carroll
the dream structure of framework.
A lot of impression will depend on how seriously you take what happens
The Pool of Tears—a parody of children reciting verses—the parody forces readers to question
the validity of learning by rote: “How doth the little crocodile.” Notice the problematic context
of “Où est ma chatte?”
Frustration, awkwardness of getting things done that children feel at times.
Ie: the key always being on the glass table Lecture 6 09/20/2013
A CaucusRace and a Long Talechildish frustration, “dryness,” caucusrace, dry history, dodo
—stuttering Dodgson, the Origin of Species, wordplay and word illustration—pun—tale and tail
Punning: dry tale to dry off
Dodo Dodgson himself
Forerunner of end of story
The Rabbit Sends in a Little Bill
Adolescent growth, fear, giants, wordplay
Advice from a Caterpillar
Who are you? And drugs—the hookah, the bits of mushroom, the growing and shrinking
Alice is totally confused even about who and what she is
A conversation with the pigeon based on a syllogism, logic—“serpent” an allusion to Alice as
Why are the drugs here it’s a children’s book?
Pig and Pepper the senselessness of adults, the frustration of mothering and the role of doll
playing in a girl’s life Lecture 6 09/20/2013
Grimm nonsense frustration of parents
Alice’s crucial meeting with the Cheshire Cat, her only “friend” in Wonderland.
Is he a friend?
A Mad TeaParty: on manners, Time, and madness
The Queen’s Croquetground: cards, painting, “Off with their heads!” the Queen’s habitual rage.
What does this imply about adult authority?
We should admire the queen
The Duchess—“and the moral of that is”—a poke at didacticism
never a point to what she says/ kids are preached at all the time
The Mock Turtle’s story
mocking school—wordplay with subjects, lessons
The Lobster Quadrille—nonsense movements, fun with “seaography” and fish
Chapter 11: Lecture 6 09/20/2013
Who Stole the Tarts? A mock trail, but Alice is growing taller and getting closer to “real life,”
close to waking up.
Alice’s Evidence—“all persons a mile high”—nonsense verses and a nonsense trial
Sentence first and verdict after
The possible meanings of “You’re nothing but a pack of cards!”
Back on the riverbank—are the sister’s statements a true reflection of Wonderland?
Excerpt from Chapter 9:
Mathematical ways of looking at numbers
Mystery for history
Adding is ambition.. ie getting more and more./ bigger and bigger
Lots of punning used against other people
2:Frontence piece: across from the tittle page. The picture of the kind/queen and court.
Side issues into illustrations
3:How does Alice enter wonderland and why?
Rabbit hole Lecture 6 09/20/2013
Get away from dullness of life
4: How does the dream framework of Carrol’s work establish Colerdige’s willing suspension of
disbelief? Examine the dream sensations of chapter 1.
We suspended our disbelief to experience it as reality
Never actually told she falls asleep. We want to believe she does
5: Is Alice “in friendly chat with bird or best” in chp 2 “the pool of tears” how does Alice test her
sense of self in danger?
She doesn’t know who she is, if she cant remember she cant be alice.
The things she usually does she does well
She questions herself because she usually doesn’t make mistakes
New place, she is confused, hanging onto knowledge in this new place
Children being in a new place/ how difficult it is. Doesn’t understand why everything is so
6: Carroll loves word play particulary puns. Explore tale/tail, dry/dry and his fun with a cucus
Dodo dry/dry history of England
Its not a race, that’s why it is so confusing
7: What is the possible Darwinian interpretation of this chapter?
The existence, survival of the fittest.
Dodo addressing alice/ because this is a animal that was wiped out by humans.
8: How is growing up satirized in chapter 4?
Rabbit is a figure of authority
When she outgrows the house she outgrows the boundary of the home Lecture 6 09/20/2013
She grows into an adult but wants to be a child again
When shes an adult get sent a bill.
9: How is “I” the main subject of chapter 5. What comedy is evoked at the expense of adults in
“You are old, Father William”. How is logic satirized at the end of this chapter?
Who are you?
Trying to figure out who she is
Caterpillar ask question that person would often ask.
Her self confidence goes out the window for awhile, she is not sure who she is. He is an
authority figure but can not help because he is about transformation
10: In chapter 6 maternity and nurturing are depicted in angry and even in mad fashion. Why?
What direction does the Cheshire Cat give to Alice?
11: IS Alice growing mad in a mad tea part? What/who is time?
12: AAIW is about children’s pastimes and games. Why is the croquet game in chapter 8 so
curious? What do the chapter’s illustrations establish about Alice and the queens court?
13: Schooling takes a beating in chapter 9, examine the word play.
14: What unusual significance do dancing and singing take on in chapter 10?
15: How is the English justice system satirized in chapter 11 and 12? What is the significance of
Alice’s last words in Wonderland. Lecture 8 09/20/2013 Lecture 8 09/20/2013
** In the chapter Advice from a Caterpillar, egg eaters are serpents, Alice is an egg eater, Alice is
how eve is tempted in the bible.
A women as a serpent is a common idea
*Debate on Friday
need a bell
paper for teams
Take care of stuff
Hand things out
Yes team a
No team b
multiple plots Lecture 8 09/20/2013
Mark Twain is barbaric
Dark plot about Injun Joe
Most enjoyable moments are playing around or digging for treasure
For all their antics they are good boys
Distinction between Fin and the respectable boys
Much literature today does not have a safety net which is why we can enjoy this literature
What does Tom learn at church? Predestination, born to go to heaven (elect) or hell (castaways
the domical) you can detect this by good work or good character
Conscience in the boys is quite solid.
Role of religion
Role of superstition
Predestination the elect and the damned
The strictures and freedoms of boyhood in the novel
The mothers dread of huckleberry finn
Tom and his gang play on their own a lot (and play hooky too), but they also go to church and to
school and are members of respectable families irony these “rascals” are good boys
The role of St. Pet4ersburg Tom’s town they serve as a Greek Chorus, but also they love and
nurture their children
“Conscience” on Jackson’s Island [proves that Tom and his gang are good boys
On styles and romanticism and realism
Bad and good romantic writing, thoughts on Twain’s romanticism and realism
Tom transformed from playing a hero to being a hero
Becky Thatcher Lecture 8 09/20/2013
Example chapter 21 page 124 bad romantic writing
Sense of place of the poor little kids
The realist can describe landscape as well as the realist can
The first version of becky yellow braids etc…
Rewards at the end of the book Tom and Huck
Strengths of the Novel
The story itself: adventures galore, what happens next quality
The humor: contrast between the imagined and the real the lovesick swain Tom lying under
Portrayal of the dark side of humanity. Injun Joe, predestination, the elect and the damned
The vitality of Twain’s language the American vernacular
Twain’s realism doing battle with the excesses of a wornout American Romanticism a breath of
Some romantic strengths still there the idea of childhood innocence from words worth, the idea
of a hero
Mortality made children closer to goodness and god than adult are
Fights the idea of original sin
This is another theme that runs through this book
In the end boys like tom and his gang are good boys
Glory still means a lot to tom in the end. Nobility, graciousness, clean battle at the heart of all
Toms imaginative play.
The idea of a hero grows at the end
The genial narration; the adult narrator looking over the shoulder of Tom with indulgence and
kindness. A protector
Twain’s genius for understanding human motivation Lecture 8 09/20/2013
Underlines all the strengths
He understands grief, revenge, what motivates children to be superstition, they do not really
know about the world
Going against what your mother says
Excerpt from the book..
Trying to get rid of warts
Exchange with two superstitions
Spunk water is water left after rain in the hollow of a tree trunk
Footnotes: tell tale, gossip, a whole chain
Reality of small town life, and were superstitions come from
Each person has their own particular superstitions
Superstition are a main part of this book.
Line between superstition and religion is very blurred for the boys/ because they’re children
Chapter 5 page 44
Salvation and domination haunt Tom and Huck
Boys write an oath
Boys fear they are among the dead
See the trickery of Injun Joe
See something children should never see Lecture 8 09/20/2013
Already believing a bit paranormal… stray dog
Dog means them going to hell
But in the end realize the dog is pointing to muff potter
Joy when they realize they have to be good not to go to hell
Psychological truth to this stereotype, we see Injun Joe through the eyes of the kids
Believe Injun Joe is going to be struck dead for the injustice to Muff Potter
Satanic figure. Beyond being struck down. Superstition
murder in the cemetery
place is important
“swear they wont tell”
who will be found out to done it..
Becky thatcher involved in plot of love story cave.
Cave tom is now a rich man not a poor simple boy now considered an eligible suitor
Cave faces are not good. But get a sense of wonder and dread
Tom and Becky holding each other
Tom coming out of the cave. Lecture 8 09/20/2013
Injun Joe dressed up as Spaniard
Buck at home sub hero
The Adventures of Tom Sawyer Workshop (The textual references are to chapters. The page
references are to the old anthology Classics of Children’s Literature that also includes Twain’s
1. What are the three most important elements in Twain’s preface?
2. How does Aunt Polly’s opening soliloquy in Ch. 1 prepare us for the adventures of Tom
3. What is revealed about Tom’s character and about human nature in general in the
whitewashing incident Ch. 2 (383385)?
4. Analyze the romantic and humourous elements of “the lovesick swain” in Ch. 3, 388.
5. How does everyone “show off” at Sunday school in Ch. 4, 388394?
6. Examine Tom’s engagement to Becky in Chapter 7 405406. How “childish” and how
“grownup” is it?
7. What is the character of Tom’s imagination in Ch. 8, 406409 considering that he wishes to
die temporarily, has superstitions, and likes to play Robin Hood?
8. How is Injun Joe both a stereotype and a believable villain? Review Ch. 9 to Ch. 11 409
9. How do the boys’ dreams and guilt play out at Jackson’s Island in Ch. 13Ch. 16, 421435?
10.St. Petersburg is Tom’s town. How is that reflected in Ch. 17, 436438? How are we readers
hoodwinked into gladness when the boys’ return at their own funeral?
11.What do Aunt Polly’s reactions to Tom’s telling of his “dream” during and afterwards reveal
about her character and love for Tom in Ch. 1819, 438444?
12.How does Twain build up to Becky’s famous final line of the chapter “Tom, how could you
be so noble?” Ch. 20, 444446.
13.What literary excesses does Twain satirize in Chapter 21, 447450? How does Tom’s
revenge on the schoolmaster at the end of the chapter put such excesses in their place?
a. Moralizing literature, and painted his head goal. Satirizing the Romanized dribble
they have. Quote from pages.
14.How is Tom’s courage and basic honesty established? How does he feel about his status as a
“hero?” Ch. 2324, 452456. Lecture 8 09/20/2013
a. Hero because he has saved Muff Potter. But faces dread because Injun Joe is out
15.How does Mark Twain make Tom’s and Huck’s treasure hunting spellbinding? Chapter 25 to
Chapter 28, 457468.
a. Going back to the superstitions, reappearance of Injun Joe. All the suspense is around
these three characters .
16.Injun Joe’s villainy is made darker in his attempt at revenge on the Widow Douglas in Ch.
29, 468472. How? What is revealed about Huck’s character in Ch. 2930, 472477?
a. Made more villians because he is doing things to take stuff out on. Just wants to be
bad for the sake of it. No real reason. Huck is shown as a man of honor as well.
17.What does being lost in the cave bring out in the characters of Becky and Tom in Ch. 3132,
a. Their relationship comes together. Their feelings become more real than what they
were at the beginning. He changes, feels bad on how he got her into this situation.
What does the town’s reaction to the dreadful circumstance of Injun Joe’s death reveal about
them in Ch. 33, 484485?
19.Describe Huck Finn’s character and his role in Tom’s adventures. How does Tom’s wooing
Huck to respectability at the end both honour and lessen Huck in Ch. 35, 491493?
20.Describe what “glory” is for Tom and for his friends in this book. How is Tom a real hero?
a. His glory is his adventures, this all came from his treasure hunts. The greater glory is
the continuous adventures, he is a real hero because he is selfless. He feels so bad for
Muff Potter he breaks the oath. Lets Becky stay behind to search in the dangerous
Adventure, chance, romanticism, realism, predestination, the elect, the damned, superstition,
nostalgia, omniscient narrator, soliloquy, a romance and treasure hunt, a mystery novel, pirates,
robbers, Robin Hood, adolescent longings, hero, heroine, villain
MARTYR –a person who voluntarily suffers death as the penalty of witnessing to and refusing to
renounce a religion.
a person who sacrifices something of great value esp. life itself for the sake of principle
Tom has been unjustly punished for breaking a sugar bowl. Again he is enjoying the feeling of a
martyr over a trifling incident. And he knows his Aunt Polly is sorry for punishing him unjustly.
This martyrdom is “got up” emotion as well p. 440. This incident readies the reader for the
melancholy mood of the lovesick swain episode p. 441.
The strangling hero. Tom has been deluged with water Lecture 8 09/20/2013
HERO—a man of great strength and courage favored by the gods and in part descended from
them, often regarded as a halfgod.
any person especially a man admired for courage, nobility, or exploits
a man admired for qualities or achievements and regarded as an ideal or model.
the central character in a work with whom the reader is supposed to sympathize
Tom may be a true hero in this incident, but he becomes one later on in the novel in real life
death situations. 09/20/2013
romance makes her, her
so romantic and beautiful.
Anne of Green Gables
1. What does the ordinary and the extraordinary observer see in Anne (1116-1119)[Ch.
2, 920-923]? How does her reaction to the drive home and through the Avenue
illustrate her character?
2. Matthew wants to keep Anne. What power of persuasion does he use? Why is he a
“kindred spirit” (1128)[Ch. 4, 932]?
3. Anne’s prayer is touching and funny. But why does Marilla make it her Christian duty
to raise this waif who is “next door to perfect heathen” (1138)[Ch. 7, 942]?
4. What does Marilla’s bringing up of Anne consist of? How does her sense of humour
mitigate her severity? What do you think of Matthew’s getting his oar in once in a
while (1148-9)[Ch. 10, 952]?
5. What is the effect of Anne’s apology to Mrs. Lynde on a) Mrs. Lynde herself b) on
Anne c) on Marilla (1150-52)[Ch.10, 953-55]?
6. What is at the heart of the power of this scene—the incident at school “Carrots!
Carrots!” and the slate (1170-71)[Ch.15, 972-974]?
7. What is established about Anne presence of mind and her character is a crisis e.g.
Minnie May’s bout with croup (1188)[Ch. 18, 988-989]?
8. Montgomery is famous for her landscape descriptions. What about her indoor
landscapes? What is she evoking in the description of Anne’s room and Marilla’s
headache (1198)[Ch. 20, 998-999]?
a. Her imagination and giving life to the room. i.e. when your young and you
imagine things. Her imagination has coloured the room. It has an aura- they
want it to stay this way. Advocation of Marilla’s personality. Cleanliness is next
to godliness. Landscapes to give the personality of the characters-
background of the people.
9. Matthew is friend, father, and knight. How is this evident in he episode of the puffed
sleeves (1215-1220)[Ch. 25, 1014-1020]? 09/20/2013
a. She is less beautiful than the other girls. Friend- always there for her; to talk
to her. Father- thinks of her as his own. Knight- saves her from being dressed
differently, comes to her rescue. Loves anne so much, tries to figure out what
is different about her than other girls. Smoking clears his mind and he realizes
it is the puff sleeves.
10.Anne’s romantic imagination gets her into trouble. How? Discuss the Haunted
Wood (1200) and the Unfortunate Lily Maid (1229-1233) [Ch, 28, 1027-1032]. Why
is Matthew wise in telling Anne to keep a little of her romance (1233)?
a. On the surface she is scared herself. Her imagination gets her lost. It is a
practical time but she gets caught up in her romances. If she gave this up she
wouldn’t be anne anymore. He wants her to conform some but doesn’t want
her to loose her wonderment.
11.Anne’s “mistakes” (some mentioned on 1233, Ch. 28, 1031-1032) make readers
both laugh at her and love her even more. Discuss.
a. They’re faults about her, but makes the reader able to relate to her. You will
laugh at her but you know how it feels. The mistakes make her human.
12.Discuss some of Anne’s other “kindred spirits”[Ch. 19, 957]. What does the term
come to mean? What does it reveal about Anne’s influence over others?
a. Matthew and Diana are the kindred spirits—it is a positive relationship were
they feel comfortable with each other. The bond is there, once this happens
there is a blooming of lightness in the other person. Makes people remember
how it was when they were young. They are inspired by her optimism.
13.The end and the beginning of a chapter in Anne’s life—Matthew’s pride in her and
his death. How is it moving (1268-9[Ch. 37, 1064-1068]?
a. Anne realizes that Matthew is getting older—she feels bad because she
wasn’t that boy that he wanted. She never gets the chance to say goodbye to
him. The moment that kills him is finding out that they are loosing the farm.
There are times when you don’t get that chance to say what you want to, to
someone you love.
14.The bend in the road. What does the relationship between Anne and Gilbert Blythe
foretell about Anne’s future (1274-7)[Ch. 38, 1070-1072]?
a. They have been enemies—they become closers friends. There is something
like between Anne and Marilla. They are also kindred spirits. Regrets not
forgiving. Deep down she begins to really care for him—gilbert gives up the
school for him. Bend in the road—optimism. The symbol for the decisions she
has made in the end. 09/20/2013
15.How does Marilia’s early romance and quarrel with Gilbert’s father foreshadow
Anne’s promise of happiness (1272)[end of Ch. 37, 1068]?
** part of exam is to define the terms at the bottom of the questions.
Anne of Green Gables
The traditional novel of a girl growing up.
The characters in he nurturing are originals.
A traditional novel.
It blends romanticism and realism together.
Highlights Anne’s optimism.
Messenger of optimism and sunshine.
Readers often see things different than what authors intend.
It can mean to anticipate the best possible outcome – also can have a religious meaning. Having
a optimistic over emphasis on the goodness of human—people who believe in predestination.
Over optimistic on the goodness of humanity
Anne makes optimism real and true, she has no pain, suffering, and anxiety. She tries to see
good in others and inspire them out of them. She thinks the best even in terrible situations—
realistic and courageous.
“well that is another hope gone…” She comforts herself by telling the truth in a romantic way—
this she finds comforting. She is sure they meant to be good to her
child justify the neglect and possible abuse that may have occurred to her
she can see peoples lives from their point of view—can understand other people.
She came her as a wise women.
Attempts to justify that they were right and perhaps she deserved it.
True optimism.—to not grow small, vindictive, bitter.
Anne is brought up with a strictness to wifeivery, making sure Anne is not in vain. She does not
show her love to Anne. – not till she is old that she tells Anne she loves her. This upbringing is
between two people Marillia and Matthew.
If it had been Matthew—he would have been worried and spoiled her. So true, clear and natural.
She can be didactic without pointing a finger. Anne improves in health and happiness. PEI
accepts her happily. – All this things are quirks.
She becomes a favor with many people. 09/20/2013
She tries to fulfill Marillas practical side. She is being “cured” of her mistakes. But indeed these
are not her mistakes.
Don’t give up your romance Anne.
She will not let failure keep her down. Anne is skeptical about predestination.
Very deep theology construction. – Very deep comment about what is wrong with predestination.
She is a girl that tells what