CIN 2190: Lecture #3 Jan 25th 2013
“The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari” film:
“The metropolis” is another example of German expressionism
this type of film wanted to contrast with the classic Hollywood text. It did want to shock and disturb people.
Started around 1908 artistic movement , that aimed at challenging 19th century realism
Use of Distortions to express extreme emotions.
Ex: Realism conventional
19th century painting, Jules Breton
William Powell Frith Derby Day
James Tissot The Ball
The Scream Edward Munch ▯ Expressionism aimed to create this, something different from the norm,
Disproportioned figures, exaggerated scenes,
Rejection of nuances and subtle colors that usually give volume and depth to realist paintings.
Instead vivid, little realist colors, (green faces, intense expressions), dark outlines.
Objective: direct expression of extreme emotion
Ex: Expressionist abstract
Dodo and her brother Ernst Ludwig Kirchner
Uprising Lyonel Feininger
1910= well known, very fashionable movement in Germany Prior to expressionism German cinema= comedies, melodramas, detective films
Germany tried to rebuild its reputation through popular culture.
Following the disastrous WWI, attempt to rebuild a strong identity.
Creation of UFA (Universum Flim Aktien Gesellschaft) to compete with French, American and
Scandinavian film productions.
Rejection of film realism without resorting to fantastic stories a la Georges Melies
Non respect of basic perspective rules
the Student of Prague 1rst expressionist film.
Robert Wiener 1920:
Over stretched shadows
Non realist acting inherited from expressionist theatre (actors would scream, gesticulate and follow
Misenscene: distortions, overstretched shadows, furniture distortions, extreme emotions and expression
Use of mealepsis: the docto