CIN 2190: Lecture #7 Mar 1 2013
One of the most recurrent questions was “what does it mean to be human, what constitutes being human
After the war, when Italy didn’t have a lot of money left, film industry was alive though before the first two
New question the role that we play in everyday life ideology:
the main cinemas in Rome were used as refugee camps
stay away from protagonists, Hollywood narrative.
Wanted to create an everyday hero type of character
Focused on everyday people, everyday events, ordinary life was glorfied
It was important for film characters to be in their natural setting , they did not want to use emotional in
Very few close ups, wanted to audience to pay attention to the social context
Between 19441953 around 20 films
In 1944, Rome’s film studios (cinecitta): use as refugee camps
after the war: social and political effervescence
wanted to stay away from artificial Hollywood films
the post war period new time and space that allowed the appearing and the development of film and
influence of film avantgardes on some filmmakers via film magazine such as Cinema and Si gira.
Emphasis on the camera. The camera captured what was not seen to the naked eye.
Influence of Dziga Vertov: the camera must be in the event itself
Outside studios with no actor, no film design, no story.
1945Rome Open City Roberto Rosselini
1946Paisa –(Robert Rosselini)
1947 The earth trembles (Luchino Visconti
1947 The Bicycle Theif (De Sica)
1948 Bitter Rice ( Giuseppe De Santi) 1951Umberto D ( De Sica)
you never know exactly what ill happen to the main characters.
Neo realism golden age of Italian Cinema
Context: aesthetics that emerge from a postwar take on reality and human nature
Emergence of a new social awareness
What are the place and the role of people in society?
Influence on ethics truth needs to