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Lecture

Class 7. Personal Health+Illness.docx

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Department
Gerontology
Course
GRT2100
Professor
Louise Edmonds
Semester
Fall

Description
Personal Health & Illness 101-year-old marathon runner - Started when he was 89, after the passing of his wife - Now 101 Seniors - more healthy than you think - Nearly 75% of Canadian seniors view their health as good, very good or excellent - 85 years and over 66% report good to excellent health What is Health? - A complex term, with many meanings - Many nuances of health - Ex. the early ages, heath was opposite of sickness – deaths poorly understood, narrow definition: either sick or well The Plague or “The Black Death” - Ex. 1347-53 plague killed 25 million Europe (more than 1/3 the population of Europe) - Physicians would wear a traditional plague preventative costume (beak filled with aromatic substances to combat stench) WHO Definition of Health - Health is the state of complete physical, mental and social well-being, not merely the absence of disease or infirmity - Broad appreciation of health; holistic, encompasses mind/body WHO Definition is Missing: - Environmental health - Occupational health (“Luminous watch faces” – glow in the dark watch painters; coal miners) - Spiritual Health - Also doesn’t address differences in gender and health WHO 1986 - Health encompasses ‘the ability to identify and to realize aspirations, to satisfy needs, and to change or cope with environment’ - ‘Health is therefore a resource for everyday life, not the objective of living. Health is a positive concept emphasizing social and personal resources, as well Illness, Disease, Disability - Illness: denotes the presence of disease; also how a person feels (even when there is no disease ex. stress) - Disease: a disorder affecting a system or organ which can be mental, physical or genetic in origin Disability - Disability: a physical or mental incapacity that differs from what is considered normal function - Can result from an illness, and accident or can be genetic in nature Health is limited by Many Factors - Income ($$$) - Education - Occupation - Access to medical care - Environmental pollution - Age - Sex (etc.) Dennis Raphael Today: Wellness - Ongoing active process of trying to achieve the highest level of health possible in each dimension - Dimensions: physical, social, mental and occupational health - Aboriginal Medicine Wheel Wellness - Goes beyond having good health - Is the way a person feels about their health and quality of life - People with a disability or chronic illness may still feel they are well and enjoy quality of life Social Determinants of Health - How does our environment impact our health? Aging in Our Co
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