Declaration of the rights of man and the c itizen. Rationalis m: systems of knowledge, foundations on rationalism, political/social and a human/natural side, use of knowledge from an external view and from an internal view, european c ivilization intellectual cultural. Scottish enlightenment, edinburgh: hotbed of genius" key figures: hutchinson, hume, adam s mith. Hobbes and locke: develops the social constitution (life, liberty, property) Montes quieu: controversial in his days, also very well know, law and constitution. Rous s eau: the s ocial c ontract. The us c ons titution: ideas are all manifested here from all the ideas from the enlightenment. The french revolution is caused by many factors . Interpretive factors: enlightenment ideals; influence of intellectuals, economic crisis - debts, inefficient taxation, weak leadership - power of nobility, environmental factors - poor harvests -> food shortages -> unrest, s ocial/economic/political inequality - grievances among masses.