HIS 1110 Lecture Notes - Lecture 10: Marshall Plan, Extermination Camp, Iron Curtain

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22 Jul 2016
Department
Course
THE HOLOCAUST & CONSEQUENCES OF WAR
-THE HOLOCAUST
-***
-Crystal night Nazi state unleashes violence: Jewish synagogs and shops vandalized,
Jews arrested
-1939 G Jewish population is small; many Jews in Poland when G invades (now in con-
trol of 2mil Jews)
-First solution: put in 100s of ghettos, 400 in Poland alone (poor; hunger, disease, mis-
treatment)
-Concentration camps, work camps, death camps built
-Dachau 1933 openings begins when Hitler comes to power
-Start as prisons (like Stalin) - 20,000 installations of prisons and labour camps
-Have death, starvation, disease, suffering
-Starts once invasion of SU begins
-Einsatzgruppen (special extermination, mobile) not efficient enough at mass killing; psy-
chological issues for soldiers
-Use the State to make killing more efficient and faster Death camps (final solutionto
the Jewish problem)
-Jan. 20, 1942 Wannsee (near Berlin) Nazi high command meets and decides to
move forward with final solution (death camps & gas chambers)
-6 death camps open i.e. Auschwitz (2million die, 10,000/day die)
-There will be Jewish resistance but they cannot face a modern military (i.e. April 1943
Warsaw ghetto uprising, also some in death camps, some groups)
-France, Norway, Croatia, etc. send Jews to G (help Nazis carry out Holocaust to largest
scale) VS people who hide Jews, try to help them
CONSEQUENCES OF WAR
-1945-1946 Nuremberg Trials (Hitler killed himself)
-150 found guilty: 12 executed; many flee G to South America, many will never pay for
crimes because theres too many
DIVIDING GERMANY *
-G rose after WWI to this extreme, what should be done?
-Should occupy rather than destroy
-Four sections: Russian, US, B, French zones
-1948 Stalin blockade city Berlin will be at centre of it all
EUROPE
-Europe also partitioned — “iron curtain falls across Europe- Churchill
-Stalin has E Europe (motivations: fear & paranoia buffer to protect SU from invasion)
-W Europe is one giant ruin after war (infrastructure bombed)
-Marshall Plan: US will rebuild economy, infrastructure of W Europe so there will be mar-
kets for US goods and removing poverty will limit threat of communism
THE COLD WAR
KOREA
-N will fall under Communism
VIETNAM
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