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Lecture

HIS 1101 - Week 11 Class 1

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Department
History
Course
HIS1101
Professor
D.C.Bélanger
Semester
Fall

Description
Week 11 The postwar years brought prosperity and growth to North America - the depression and war forced Canadians to postpone many events and purchases ie: university due to drafting, marriage because the couldn’t hope to support a family. It was difficult to buy a new car because factories were producing tanks and trucks instead of cars - War ending was like a dam bursting open (mid to late 1940s) - The Marshall Plan (rebuild Europe – American funds to buy Canadian goods) - Britain is declining – borderline bankrupt and suffered a lot of damage A massive oil deposit was discovered in Leduc, AB - Massive oil production - Dwarfs all other oil discoveries to that date. - Services sector (primary production, resource extraction, agriculture. Secondary: transformative, manufacturing. Turchurie? Services) Hundreds of thousands of immigrants entered in Canada in the post war years - Most came from Europe (photo of Dutch immigrants headed to southern Ontario) - Many had fled communist dictatorship (from Poland, eastern Germany) - Immediate post war years, thousands of “war brides” are going to arrive in Canada from Britain, France, and Holland. o Women who married men during the war, emigrate to Canada Canada experienced a significant “baby boom” during the post war years. - Contraceptive practice was fairly generalized in Canada, the promise of prosperity and a better life for children lead to the baby boom. - Birth rate had dropped in the 1930s/early 1940s cause everyone was putting it off. - Lots of children born in 1945 lived to see adulthood – mostly due to the intro of antibiotics o They were more effective then - Vaccines for childhood diseases like Polio - Most powerful generation - Center of social discourse Children were the center of social discourse and were a significant force behind economic growth. - 1950s – what do children need/want/otherwise desire o like a tidal wave – so powerful it moves society with it - an era where you see marketing targeted at children as well as parents visa- vis their children. o Children have pocket money and become consumers - Post war years are very CHILD CENTRED. o Preoccupations of children were the center o Discussions of parenting – parents urged to be more understanding of their children, to be more affectionate, and to begin to treat them as individuals. - The rise of adolescence The 1950s saw the rise of adolescence as a social construct - You begin to see the rise of the notion - Teenagers not viewed as “young adults” but as “big/older kids” o Used to be expected to contribute to the family budget, not so much anymore.  They don’t actually NEED to send their kids out to work anymore; they’re living a comfortable life.  Still the notion of caring for your children - Introduction of the “allowance” in working/middle class households (complete 360) - Teenagers expected to stay in school longer; high school degree became a condition for a growing number of jobs. (Guarantee that they know how to read) Women’s participation in
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