AH Empire ceased to exist. Allies decided to deal with them separately.
Treaty of St. Germain, Sept 10th 1919: Stripped Austria of its empire and treaty was dictated to
that nation (no negotiation) on
o Prohibited to unite with Germany
Austrian Republic reduced to 1/10 of its former size
Demographic were 6.5 million Germans felt their state was no longer viable economically. Some
Austrians asked for unity with Germany but France strongly opposed.
Treaty of Trianon June 4th 1920: Restricted Hungary to a small State (36 thousand sq. miles)
Were called upon to bear burden of reparations, but ability of both to pay was very little. Were
mutilated and was nearly impossible for them to pay
Allies refused AH to call back the throne, hence countries remained without King
Out of remains, created Czechoslovakia,
3 million Germans in Sudetenland.
Allies were nice to the Czechs and Slovaks but punished the Germans and Magyars
Galicia annexed to Poland
Romania awarded Transylvania
Part of Banat awarded to Romania as well
Bosnia-Herzegovina united with Serbia and Montenegro
Resulted in the creation of Yugoslavia, with Serbia being the dominant part of that country
Italy received areas around Treize, Italians wanted Fiume, was refused, Fiume was declared a
Treaty of Rapello
Treaty of Neuilly nov 27 1919, dealt with Bulgaria, principle beneficiary was Serbia
Reparations asked from Bulgaria, reduction of armed forces, 1 million Bulgarians living in other
Aug 10 1920, allies tried to impose the treaty of Sevres, Turks resisted.
Turkish armed forces resisted, led by Mustapha Kemal
Greek took Smyrna/ Izmir
Eventually the treaty of Lausanne 1923 was signed; allowed Turkey to keep all her lands