Post WWI World
Woodrow Wilson was optimistic in the post WWI, “America has no selfish ends to serve”
In addition Woodrow Wilson stated that the US did not expect compensation for participation in
The British prime minster was David Lloyd George. French: Georges Clemenceau
Self determination of oppressed people
Creation of the league of nations
14 points issued 1917: 1. Open covenants of peace. 2. Absolute freedom of the sea in peace and
war (as a result of neutral ships being sunk during the WWI by submarine warfare.) 3. Removal
as much as possible of economic barriers. 4. Reduction of national armaments. 5. Impartial
adjustment of all colonial claims. 6. Secure Russia’s own political development. 7. Restoration of
Belgium. 8. to free French territories, and to return Alsace-Lorraine to France. 9. Readjust
frontiers of Italy along the lines of nationality. 10. Allow the peoples of the Austro- Hungarian
Empire to develop independently 11. Romania, Serbia and Montenegro should be returned to
their own sovereignty. (Yugoslavia: Serbia, Montenegro, Bosnia- Herzegovina, Croatia, Slovenia,
Macedonia), Wilson is behind the creation of Yugoslavia. 12. Portions of the Ottoman Empire, to
be assured a secure sovereignty. (Anatolia, should recognize a state called “Turkey”) all other
parts should become autonomous. 13. Restore the sovereignty of Poland. 14. Create a general
association of nations.
Not practical to be altering the frontiers of various states in Europe, it was a complicated matter.
What is a just peace?
What to do with the German colonies in Asia?
“ A peace to end peace”
Jan 19 1919: Conference of Versailles was open
Wilson, Orlando, Lloyd George, Clemenceau
Jan-May 1919, worked on the treaty, had a draft in May.
Called the German ambassador to the hall of mirrors. Rubbing the German noses down,
vengeance for the French.
German representatives were stunned by the severity of the treaty.
Count von Brockdoerff-Rantzau protested
But allies on Jun 28 1919 – Germany protested, but signed the treaty.
Upset with article 231- Would have to pay allies war reparations until 1965.
Railway cars had to be shipped to th