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Week 7 Mon Oct 15.docx

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Henry Habib

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Austria-Hungary Empire dismembered Austria  Treaty of St. Germain  Forbidden from united with Germany  Hapsburg family removed from Austria-Hungary Hungary  Treaty of Trianon, separate from Austria  restricted to 36000 km squared  9,000,000 people  Both Austria and Hungary will have to pay part of the burden of reparation  Both poor countries when separated  To survive will be a challenge in itself  Hungarians wanted to recall the Hapsburg to the throne, not allowed  A Kingdom without a King  This created internal complications  A communist takeover attempt  Military right-wing government took over as result In the place of the Austro-Hungarian Empire the Allies created many independent states  Republic of Czechoslovakia  3,000,000 Germans within the Republic, also some Magyars (Hungarians), Slovenes (minority)  Germans in Sudetenland, one of the causes of WW2  Allies very generous towards the demands of the Czechs and the Slovaks  Not to the Germans or the Magyars, given no rights because they were the ex-enemies  Province of Galicia, North of Czechoslovakia, across the mountains, transferred to Poland  Romania received as a reward for joining the Allies, the extensive province of Transylvania  Used to be part of Hungary  Part of the District known as Banat, was given to a new state that was created  Yugoslavia, this means the Slavs of the South  Included Serbia (Orthodox) + Montenegro, Croatia (Catholic)(A), Bosnia-Herzegovina (Orthodox, Catholic, Muslim) (A), Macedonia (Bulgaria), Slovenia (Catholic)(A)  These 6 states disappeared, 1919  Civil war in 1991, Croatia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Slovenia independent states  2010, Montenegro separated from Serbia  Croatians very unhappy  Slovenes very unhappy  Serbs dominated  Italy also wanted part of the Austria-Hungarian Empire  Asking for certain areas that were controlled by the Austrians  Italy got Trieste, wanted Fiume (Istrian Peninsula)  USA President Wilson refused to seed Fiume to Italy  Italian Premier withdrew from the conference in protest  1920, Treaty of Rapollo, which gave them Trieste, created Fiume as a free city Bulgaria  Small state  Nov 27, 1919 Treaty of Neuilly  Punished for joining the Central Powers  Take away Macedonia, gave part of it to Greece and part of it to Yugoslavia  Serbia benefited the most  Also to pay reparations  To reduce their armed forces  More than 1,000,000 Bulgarians were now living under Greece and Yugoslavian jurisdiction Turkey  Aug 10 1920, Treaty of Sevres  The Sutan accepted the treated, dictated to him in Constantinople and he accepted  The Turkish army refused to accept it  Emerged within the Turkish army, a commander Mustapha Kemal Ataturk  Ataturk resisted, brought an army together and aborted the Treaty of Sevres  We are not accepting, we are not like the other states, we are fighting it  The Greeks wanted part of Turkey, believed Smyrna was theirs o Western Anatolia o Italy wanted Southern Anatolia  Ataturk began moving west, war with Greece from 1919-1922  1923, Treaty of Lausanne which aborted the Treaty of Sevres  Turkey was able to remain one state, a new state  1923, Republi
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