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Lecture 3

Week 3b – Welfare State.docx

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University of Ottawa
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Week 3bWelfare State society shapes who we are and how we see the world The end of the Cold War has opened up a conceptual space for viewing some of the parallels between Eastern Communism and Western socialismBirth of the Welfare State 19461970 The seeds of the welfare state were laid in the Great Depression when various national governments improvised different solutions to the interwar crisis oDuring World War II politicians used the promise of future state reform as an aspect of their total mobilization strategies oThis created momentum for socialist reforms after World War IIOne of the principle ideas of postWWII was everyone having a fair shareex Free health care and educationfinancing it poses a problem Origins of the Welfare State oIn both East and West with the closure of World War II there was a prevailing mood for reforming the economy and government oThis deeply felt progressive aspiration drew energy from a profound dissatisfaction with laissezfaire capitalism that could not pull itself out of global depression the social inequality that had marred the ideals of prewar democracies and xenophobic nationalism that had unleashed such destructive forcesThe government needed to step in and help people this is how fascist and socialism alternatives emerged they had answers for the need The psychological exhaustion from total war After WWII people were exhausted they wanted to make sure that this would never happen again oThese ideas werent knew they were intensification of old ideas oThe welfare state represented a means to escape from the entanglements of total war dissatisfaction with the class basis of society and a manifestation of the unity people had felt in pursuing victory oThis postwar aspiration found its most explicit focus in the creation of the modern welfare state which despite significant differences in form served as a model for just society and effective governmentPrewar Experiments with Welfare o The Beveridge Report 1942idea to create a universal benefit system The 1942 Beveridge Report was the result of a commission investigating diverse government benefit programs and proposed rationalizing them into one common systemIts significance was its war time popularity which laid the foundation for Churchills ouster and the emergence of the British Welfare stateoTo many ppl that lazziefaire capitalism wouldnt work the government needs to take charge
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