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Lecture

European Integration and a United Europe.docx

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Department
History
Course
HIS1120
Professor
Hernan Tesler- Mabe
Semester
Fall

Description
European Integration and a United Europe? Before: Religious unification was what unified other countries Framed with 3 motivations: Economic and political cold war exercise (resist communism) Away for certain nations to revive the nation state under the guise of common action Apart of the general utopian dream Therefore, is a time for unification nd Try to achieve a utopian high ground after the blood of the 2 WW After ww2: some feared that war would continue if conflict didn’t cease Countries: West Germany and France May 1950: French foreign minister makes an imp. Declaration: France and west German coal and steel prod. Will be over a supranational authority Robert Schuman, ffm. 1950: trying to make a federal state of Europe Proposal was open to all the states of Europe Belgium, Netherlands, France, West Germany, Italy and Luxemburg agree to join Britain decides not to join 6 come together to build the coal and steel community inApril 1951 (ECSC) Comes into effect July 1952 Create a common market for coal and steel and common production (plentiful per country) Certain extent; coal and steel was to maintain the economic integrity of Europe Uses each other`s resources Germany was happy to be part of the common action as a means to have a say in the way Europe was structured Key question: Issue of national sovereignty (Handing over a key part of your country that becomes beyond your control) ECSC was very successful; therefore leaders form 1957 The European Economic Community March 1957 `The Treaty of Rome``; structured along the same lines as ECSC Key debate btw Federalists and Nationalists European court of justice that could make interpretations which were limited to coal and steel Judges that were very federalists: put in rulings that mess up national law 1964: Costa files a complaint to the European court of justice for a bill (Makes it legal unless the union disagrees) Eurovision song contest starts in 1956 Creates a common forum for communication between people Charles de Gaulle: was very nationalist; wanted a strong European economic community so long as France was in charge 1960s: takes Europe off it`s tracks and should not expand; should stay the original 6 1960: an attempt to expand Denmark, Ireland, Norway and UK apply to join the EEU; says it would inhibit France`s leading power May 1968: France 1973: 3 of 4 countries finally joins (Norway doesn`t join) 1970s: period of economic recession Europe suffers ``Euro-sclerosis`` 1979: Europe has a new enthusiasm for integration Parliament finally becomes truly democratic Anyone can vote Europea
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