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Rise of the Minoan Palaces.docx

10 Pages
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Department
History
Course Code
HIS2101
Professor
Laure Gagne

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Description
Rise of the Minoan Palaces (neopalatial/ early late bronze age) LM-I Two large palaces at khania, and paulokastro Large place at Knossos, and large centers malia, and phaistos Linear A - Used for administration and seals - Found in palaces and powerful houses Seals rings - Neopalatial seals begin to get extremely intricate  images could be seen as ritual or religious themes (like evans) Knossos - Emerging as an important trading center, and begins to become a central part of the aegen trade o Possible because a lot of the Anatolia destruction (either from war or natural disaster) Kamares ware - Middle bronze age marker for crete – gets use less in the later bronze age - Comes from Knossos MM- III – LM I earthquake (amsiphelia?) - Shrine destroyed south of Knossos - 3 dead bodies found - 18 year old male with bound feet, and a dagger next to him  possible ritualistic sacrifice o Broken rhyton infront of the dead male (possibly to collect his blood) - Statue with clay feet was found (rest of it was probably wood and thus perished) - Found human bones near a food area  could possibly show that there could possibly be canabalism – MINOANS ARE VIOLENT LM-I(A) palace at knossos - Snake goddess – earth goddess (though snakes that emerge out of the earth) - West court – place of interface between the palace and the people o Sacred grove where women dance?!?!?! - The throne rome o There was a stone throne, but may not have been actually sat one by the king( possibly the priestess) - Antechamber infront of the throne room o Big basin (sink thing) o Part of the grand hall - Minoan hall o Throne room o Antechamber o Lustral basin o Inner sanctuary  only acessable through the throne room o Kitchen is unaccesable for the throne room (only accessable through the outside) - Need to go through the central court to get to the throne room (very secluded) - Palace seems to be built from the inside out - The palace was built in a way that could be easily defend (narrow path ways for one person at a time, with you non-shield side of you body left open to be attacked) - Bull leapings may have happened at the palace  thought becase of the grand stand fresco where people are gathered at the grand court watching something o Dangerous sport - The domestic quarter o Called that by evans o No real access from the court into this area, and no direct access to the outside o The grand staircase found next to it  open to the sky and spirals out o A lot of Areas that are open to he sky and a lot of rooms o There are evidence of running water in the palace and flushable toilets (aqueducts all throughout the house) o Hall of double axes  paintings of mycenian shield thought to be from the time of mycenian rule o The queens megaron  smaller megaron, and more secluded than the larger one  Dolphin fresco, and a dancing women fresco, were attributed to this room, but this was because of evans, most likely supposed to be on the ground  Deep in the palace, where the women rooms typically were during this time period o Kings megaron  larger and more open  Thought to be the personal entertaining are for the king - North Enterance o A thinning and narrowing uphill enterence with an intimidating bull facing you - Can only get to the palace by following the royal road that leads from the city eastward towards the palace - There was a little palace built to the northwest, that was pretty far from the palace o Found seals there (kind like quartier mu, in malia but without the powerful use of mu in malia) - Koulores are filled in and paved over, but still there The town of Knossos - To the west of the palace Malia - Textile manufactured - Cretan hieroglyphics - Elite wealthy people used they chrysolakkos cemetery - Has raised walkway that led from the palace towards QM Malia Palace - Had kouloures (the possible stone granaries) from the early bronze age, but probably fell into disuse by LM I - Neopalatial polythyron o Found for a plastered (possilble painted) floor o Sword pommel (end of the sword) Egyptian style made in crete because the guy depicted is the same as the Egyptian art but the man is whering Minoan clothes - QM is losing it admistrative powers (more Linear A is showing up more at the palace and less in QM) but QM is still making textiles and pottery, metalwork and seal rings o Burned down (possible because of the pottery kiln) - Temporay palace  came into use and out of use immdialty - New palace  new palace rebuilt after the burning down of the palace (MM III – LM I) - Ritual function of the central courts  alter in the center of the court, and a round stone called kernos – smaller than knossos’ o Alters used to burn the animals, and sacrificed so all alters needed to be outside o Kernos - Triton seashell carved out of stone was found in the rubble of the previous burnt down palace in LM I (between A-B) Phaistos palace - Overlooks some of the most fertile land in crete  controls agricultural land - Main entrance has a grandstaircase  all palaces have a stairway that lead up to the court and down into the town o Stone staircase resembles that painted in Knossos, therefore thought to be used for the same sort of thing (but rituals gathering rather than bull leaping) - Administrative center is moved from the palace into a villa near the palae - Kouloures are paved and filled in - Instead of great entrances, there had a polythyron in the royal appartments o If they didn’t live in this area, they housted guest o Seemed to be a place were people were - Paved central court lined up with the peak sanctuary - Earthquake (MM IIIA) causes palace to be abandoned and re-used again for a new reason - Ayia triada become used as the administrative center for knossos, and pheastos becomes a cultural center (Knossos is starting to overtake the island) - Rebuilt palace o a kiln was placed in an area that used to be deep in the palace o palace tended to be used as a sanctuary Dating problems - island of Santorini exploded (earthquake) 1600s BCE - this island was a major trading center and caused a lot of damage with phaetos’ ability to trade Monopalatial (intermediate period) - Knossos becomes the larger and more influencial city in crete - Increasing Mycenaean presence mycenaeans probably lived in Knossos - Destruction of Knossos in LM II-IIIA o The palace was burned and destroyed (earthquake possible) - Knossos palace was r
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