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Lecture 3

Lecture 3 (June 24).docx

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Dinah Jansen

June 24, 2013 Lecture 3 July Days, 1917 - Alexender Krakinsky, Minister of War, new offensive againstAustro-Hungary o Early wins, became significant loses. Massive failure - Bolsheviks revolted in fear that they would be sent to Ukrainian front - Large scale violent classes between demonstrators and army o Provisional government tries to arrest Bolshevik leaders (they go into exile) - Socialist led coalition could not coordinate with the Soviet - After failure of Offensive, much animosity among troops - Kornilov wanted strict military discipline, immediate dissolution of the Soviets, and the destruction of the Bolsheviks o Socialists afraid he wanted a military dictatorships - Karansky starts censorship, death penalty for desertion - Kornilov and troops on the way, Karansky don’t like, gives aide to Bolsheviks to help against Kornilov - Kornilov arrested - The attempted coup eroded the prestige of the Provisional government, and it seemed like the Bolsheviks saved the city - Bolsheviks took control of many Soviets - 2 million army deserters, peasants seized landlords estates on their own accord - Roving mobs in the cities, communication system broke down, famine - German intrusions into western Russia Konstadt - Lenin returned from Finland to Petrograd, preparing for armed revolt, infiltrating army - Naval Base: Konstadt, sailors who helped the Bolsheviks - 21 of October, to overthrow - Provisional government did little, and late - October 25, very little armed resistance, occupied key points in the capital - Provisional Government useless, barricaded themselves in the Winter Palace - Lenin captured the Winter Palace, 6 people died in the coup - In Moscow much more resistance - Lenin proclaimed new government: Soviet of People’s Commissars - Soviet historiography: inevitable, planned carefully by Lenin - Non-Soviet historiography: Provisional Government a victim of their own mistakes, making revolution easy. Lenin exploited a wave of anarchy - Provisional government weak, disunited, unable to cope to long-raged issues o Couldn’t combat inflation, food prices, lacked practical experience - The fall of the Tsarist regime led to anarchy, only the Bolsheviks could control the people o Bolsheviks - New government o Peace decree, central powers willing to negotiate, armistice  Bolshevik government sent agitators to Germany, Austria-Hungary o Land Decree, division of large estates, redistribution among peasants  Share all livestock, tools, machinery  The land itself the property of the state, only those who would cultivate the land could be on it o Separation of Church and State  Church property seized, no church schooling  By 1923, 1000 priests, 28 bishops had died o Economy: state controls all economic activities, allocating resources, determining prices and wages etc  Command economy, banks nationalized  June 1
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