Class Notes (837,548)
Canada (510,312)
History (929)
HIS2160 (29)
Lecture

HIST 1707 Seminar 8.docx

6 Pages
75 Views
Unlock Document

Department
History
Course
HIS2160
Professor
Sonya Lipsett- Rivera
Semester
Fall

Description
HIST 1707 Seminar 8 November 2 , 2012 Exploration and conquest Precedents  Romans in Atlantic Ocean  Vikings (small colonies) -they left  Columbus’ back and forth of boats to settle  Africans (left and didn’t come back)  Vivaldi brothers used Galy’s - got about off the coast of Africa then died Technology  Compass (where you are going)  Astrolabe (where you are) Navigation techniques  Dead- reckoning  Astronomical charts  Europeans connections helped them explore Mapping  Portolan charts (oldest are from 1270)  Introduced same time as the compass  Portolan (accurate of the coastline) -navigators used these to calculate distances Ship Design  The Cog (squat boat) -heavy seas and large cargo  Only good if you knew where you were going  Not good for exploring  Bad square sails  The Caravel (manoeuvrable boat)  evolved to Nao (Carrack boat) Iberian Peninsula/ muslim conquest  new society Reconquest  visigothic kingdoms  718 CE-first Christian victory  Multiple kingdoms  Not one long war (lasts 700 years)  Way to gain riches and land and nobility  War a way of life  Prisoners/slavery ( non-christians) -Ransoms  Race (Spain says you must be catholic to live there)  Militant Christianity  Social advancement through conquest of other people Emerging Identities  1179 Portugal recognized as state by Pope th  13 century Kingdoms of Asturias, Castille etc.. Portugal th  8 century, recover city of Porticuale (Oporto)  Portugal (the old Lusitania) takes shape  First nation state Maritime Portugal  Natural orientation  Trade with England  Commence with ports Princes Henry the Navigator  Invasion of Moroccan city of Ceuta in 1415  Caravans (coming from the South) -Gold, Ivory, Pepper, slaves, Salt Motivations  Continuation of reconquest  Impose Christianity  Prester John (Christian King) -Myth -However Christian kingdom in Ethiopa  Sagres Portugal and Africa  Cape Bojador -scary spike of land -Mist (fears of the unknown) -They believed the world was round  Atlantic Islands -(Maderas,Canaries, Cape Verde, Azores) The Making of Spain  Isabela of Castile and Ferdinand  Papale dispensations  Political marriage  Conquered Granada 1492 Who was Columbus?  Few reliable documents  Nationality?  His life before Spain  Connections with Genoa Flat earth?  Martin Behaim’s globe The Catholic Kings  Capitulations of Toledo  Financing of Voyage  Martin Pinzon  What did he expect to find?  Form letters, trinkets Preparations for the voyage  Crew  Pin
More Less

Related notes for HIS2160

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit