- FDR and Churchill issue theAtlantic Charter in 1941.
- This was a set of principles that would dictate future peace terms. The highlight included
the “freedom of the seas”. Equal access to economic opportunity, end to aggression and
the restoration of rights to conquer people.
- There’s also formal conference in 1943, the next important summit involves Churchill,
Stalin and FDR.At this meeting in Teran they decide to open up the second front.
- The summit of Yalta takes place in 1945 where the big three lay out the play of their
assault on Germany and how they’ll divide Germany once everything is done.
- The question that worried these leaders with occupied government was what they would
need to demonstrate that they were truly democratic.
- Roosevelt believed that the people whom had been occupied during the war would choose
democracy on their own.
- Churchill though it would be necessary for theAllies to use measures and strategies to
encourage anti-German and anti-Totalitarian sentiments.
- Roosevelt didn’t trust Charles de Gaule. Hence, he didn't trust him as a leader but
Churchill saw de Gaule as an important leader.
- Part of Roosevelt’s concern was that France wouldn’t be lead into democratic principles
after the war.
- De Gaule did assume power in France but he did create a republic.
- What united these two leaders Churchill and Roosevelt was their fear of the Soviet
domination of Eastern and South-Eastern Europe. They were worried because the Yalta
agreement had pushed the soviet army westward.
- Roosevelt and Churchill saw no other choice then to agree to Yalta.
- The final big three conferences took place in Postdam. The individuals whom had met
during the war weren’t the same. We now had Truman,Adlee and Stalin. This summit
took place in a particular circumstance. The soviet troops had pushed the German forces
out of Germany. And Stalin had left soviet troops in Germany and all of the feared zones.
- In Poland Stalin had set-up a communist government. In spite of this, the big three agreed
on the following principles.
o Occupation and separation of Germany among theAllies.
o Prosecution of Nazi War criminals
o German annexation revert to their original countries
o German eastern border moved westward reducing to by 25%
o German population outside the eastern border are expelled
o Germany must pay war reparations to the USSR
o Germany’s standard of living must not exceed European average
o Industries of Factories in Germany that creates military products must be
destroyed, dismantled or controlled by theAllies.
o German economy to revert to the free market and to be centered on agriculture and
light industry rather than heavy industry