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HIS 2363 Course 13.pdf

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Christian Champion

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Course 13 October-28-13 12:54 PM Canada and the First World War • Two ways to look at the war narrative or through social history • Why did they join war ○ Obligation to the Crown ○ Blind Loyalty  Implies that people were less intelligent  Majority of Canadians were poor until close to the second world war  Idea of empire and of a King was strange to the normal person ○ Loyalty to the Empire ○ Call or the Mother Country  Loyalty of your native country (old country) ○ Canadians wanted to prove to Britain that they could be of assistance • Dulce et Deforum Est Poem from Wilfred Own ○ ○ Key line: "the old lie: dulce and Dedorum est pro partia mori" • The war could've gone on longer • Churchill ○ His mistake was that he wanted to prolonged the war until 1920 and that the British should rest • Canadian officer Marshall Hague ○ Proved that he learnt from the first part of the war ○ He insisted that the year 1918 is the year that the allies should win the war • How many choices did the Canadians have to join the war ○ The Canadians formed up to battle at the beginning of the war because they were part of the British Empire, so it was a legal obligation • Canada & the World Trade ○ Canada is not in isolation, it is a prosperous colony because of immigration and trade amongst the members of the Empire, ○ The Royal Navy was in charge of the defense of these trade lines and the taxpayers of Britain payed the bills for this  Sir Wilfred Laurier formed the Royal Navy in 1911, a Canadian Navy, it didn’t last ○ From the British perspective it made sense for the Canadians and the other British colonies to contribute to the military of the British Empire, at their own cost ○ In 1913, their already existed a military plan called the Gwatkin plan, it foresaw that Canadian units would be trained and sent overseas in the event of an emergency, this idea created a doubt that Canadians were forced to go to war, at the end of 1914 this plan was scrapped • Passchendaele know as the third war of Ypres to the British • Ypres was the first major battle that the Canadians participated in • Victoria cross the highest merit that a Canadian can get • Ukrainians had it bad during the war (under suspicion), if they did not sign up to the war they were threats and should be shot • George Pearkes • Canadianism ************ ○ Sam Hughes ○ Ross Riffle, Scottish, manufactured by a Canadian company ○ Sir Julian Byng = commander of the Canadian core at Vimy Kaitlyn's notes : • There are so many approaches to dealing with WWI. One would be a narrative overview; the other is to take a social history approach (how the war changed Canadian society) • The concept of king and empire was very vague. • Loyalty to friends back home in the United Kingdom, the old country (different between where you were born as per an empire vs. your family and friends) • Poem: Dulce et Decorum Est – the key line is at the end “My friend, you would not tell with such high zest to children ardent for some desperate glory, to old lie, dulce et decorum est….” • Churchill ○ Mistake: the British should not press for victory in 1918, and conserve their energy for 1920 • Canadian Officer Marshall Hague – • Canadian Officer Marshall Hague – ○ proved that he learned from his mistakes from the first part of the war ○ He insisted that 1918 was the year that the allies should push and capitalize on their resources • Alan Beddoe ○ *There was a desire to show Britain that Canada was there for them Canada and World Trade Issue of how much choice Canadians had to go to war. Canada found itself automatically at war because they were part of the British Empire (legal obligation). But why would they be morally obligated to participate? This is because Canada’s membership in the empire was a question of practical reality. The entire prosperity of Canada depended on trade. Canada is not in isolation; it is a prosperous colony because of immigration flows, trade and exchanges among the members of the empire and other parts of the world. The royal navy was responsible for the defense of these trade lines, and the taxpayer of Britain footed the bill for this. Sir Wilfred Laurier created in 1911, a Canadian navy, but it didn’t last. From the British perspective, it made a lot of sense for the dominions to contribute more to the larger British defense, which was at their cost. Also the question of Canada automatically being at war, that, in 1913, there already existed a military plan called the Gwatkin Plan, which already foresaw which Canadian units would go overseas in the event of an emergency. Some 26 000 units would be equipped and trained. This casted a bit of doubt on the idea that Canadians were forced to go to ear in 1914, because they had already made plans to do so a year before. Now, the way that the troops were mobilized had changed. The militia scrapped the plan and created all new units in 1914. Image shown on screen: the Royal Canadian Regiment (E II R)
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