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Sept 23rd lecture.docx

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Christian Champion

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Sept 23  lecture Rebellion on the Prairies Introduction When whites arrived, plains were already using horses on the hunt, in warfare, and as  beasts of burden. How was that? Culture of western prairies was transformed by this technology Rode bareback, no stirrups (recently mastered) “Given by Providence to the red men” Country marriages Metis came into existence by agents of fur­trade companies and tribes/groups/clans  Daughters TF were given away to create alliances (Cree, objibway, saulteaux) Half­French or Half­Scottish/Irish;  Metis: drifted away from tribal group (no longer a part of the culture) Known as house Indians (bilingual) True Metis; aware of his or herself (3  generation) Conscious of themselves; not a colonizer, but not a true first nations person Paintings of the Metis Metis guide 1846; Fort Edmonton in 1846 by Paul Kane Francois Lucie; Metis man Metis Jiggers Metis family, 1826 Painted by Peter Rindisbacher, from Switzerland Selkirk Settlement (Red River) Scots sponsored by Lord Selkirk in 1812 Responsible to do good for society; to assist people less fortunate than yourself ^^This was how Selkirk saw himself ­ wanted to bring irish rebels to the west, settled for scots ­ TF founded his own colony ­ did not do very well; bad timing, bad location Selkirk colony was trapped in the rivalry between HBC and NWC Northwest company; had it in with Selkirk from the beginning Metis from NWC hired to harass Selkirk  Selkirk died 1820; scots melted away into metis settlement By 1860s Metis and greater than scots Council of Assiniboia (1821­1870) Governing authority appointed by the company Cuthbert Grant Born 1793 Scots father, cree/French mother Loyal NWC man; did not think of himself as metis By end of his life, starts to change NWC wants Metis to make things difficult for HBC Wanted metis to be seen as separate Metis enemy: English Enemy outside which is trying to colonize the Assiniboine Rivers Battle of Seven Oaks 1816 60 Metis lead by Cuthbert grant ambushed/stalked 20 HBC men All 20 HBC men killed Chanson de la Grenouillere (Falcon’s Song) Metis Culture Buffalo hunt Was always a general captain of hunt Would have someone elected as “leader” Travelled with women and children Weren’t keen on farming Travelled with their priest (mass every morning) Gabriel Dumont Born 1837 Grandfather a canadien from montreal Grandmother sarcee Spoke 6 languages The last of the metis captains, d 1906 Battle of Grant Coteau 1851 July: Hunting groups go out into what is present­day North Dakota Metis ambushed by Sioux. Metis
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