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HIS2363 (35)
Lecture

Sept 11 lecture.docx

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Department
History
Course
HIS2363
Professor
Christian Champion
Semester
Fall

Description
Sept 11  Lecture Introduction CSS Alabama Conferate sloop of war’captured 65 US vessels and boarded 500 US demanded compensation; ask Britain for Rupert’s land MacDonald wrote 1870: It is quite evident to me that the US gov’t will do all they can to  get hold of our western territory (not yet even in Canadian hands) MacDonald as Prime Minister; was chosen 1867­1873 (first gov’t) Gault­ finance Minister ***The crisis of Alabama is tied to the problem with defense; British must remove their  troops (1871 only troops are in Halifax)*** Burden of defense: now on Canada TF more difficult to deal with the United States Foreign affairs were controlled by Britain Canada forced to expand military Britain had approx. 14 000 troops sent over Britain built; Rideau canal, fort henry; paid for by the British tax­payer Canada; now a political entity, but not a cultural one. There is no east­west economy besides the fur trade Canada even uses US railway to transport goods “Canada First Movement” McGee­ shot by Irish revolutionaries Phalen­ seen near the crime George Brown shot by disgruntles employee; died 6 weeks later from infection 1871 census; Ontario 45.8% Quebec 33.6% Also 58.9% British 1.5% Aboriginal French 30.2% Other 9.4% Population: 80% rural, 20% urban Mare usque ad mare (From sea to sea) Nova Scotia repeal movement Howe: Lead a repeal movement; so successful that both provincial and federal elections win Howe goes to London to appeal; told to drop it BNA act Britain did not try to control colonies, rather colonies were clinging to Britain Toured Nova Scotia Howe TF succeeded in getting some terms re­negotiated Ottawa to pay off some of NS debt Subsidy given to NS Howe­ sold out; took seat as Lt. Governor of Nova Scotia Died a few weeks later Rupert’s Land 1869 US wanted this land as compensation for their Alabama losses Britain yielded the territory to Canada 1870 Sent MacDougall President Grant threatens war  ­Alabama claims ­Border disputes ­Fishery claims ­Hostility to British Empire, esp. the navy San Juan Islands BC/Alaska boundary Drop claims from the fenian raids Canada cannot resolve these claims by themselves 5 British, 1 Canadian (MacDonald) against 6 Americans Philosophy called “The Manchester school” –no matter how valuable a colony is, does  not mean that you should go to war. MacDonald and Tupper believe the British are chicken Fisheries US clai
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