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Lecture

Sept 18 2013.docx

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Department
History
Course Code
HIS2363
Professor
Christian Champion

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Sept. 18 , 2013 Lecture Nova Scotia WS Fielding (William Stevens) Became a journalist; enabled him to make connections with a liberal class Every newspaper was aligned with the liberal party WS Fielding  Was an anti­confederate Founded “Young men’s liberal club” of Halifax Believer in “the wind, wood, and sail economy” Nova Scotia: ­ relies on federal infusions from Ottawa  Coal; in 1880s, only 13% of NS revenue 1890s, 36% of NS revenue Fielding: becomes premier in NS one year later; decides to repeal confederation to remove NS from Canada wins 29 seats to 8 seats If Laurier were PM, he would drop plan to remove confederation Laurier gets elected, Fielding becomes Minister of Finance Denounced Charles Tupper as a “traitor” Forming of alliances of liberals under Laurier  Honore Mercier ­ Quebec leader 1883 ­ Prime Minister of Quebec 1887­1891 ­ Goal was a united “Parti national” for French Canadians In and outside of Quebec ­ Railed the premiers vs. McDonald ­ Very Blue Goal: to unite conservatives and liberals into a parti nationale Not very successful, 1890s, he succeeds Nov. 17 , 1895; day after Louis Riel is executed Louis Riel as a political symbol People in Quebec were not symp. To Riel Not recogn. in Quebec as a Catholic or French speaker Was thought of as, a rebel leader of half savages “Orangism has hanged Riel for hate and to satisfy an old thirst for revenge” ­ La Minerve (Montreal) Quebec view of Riel changes due to Orangeism. “The Conquest will have to be fought over again” ­ The Mail (Toronto) Quebecquers didn’t feel like they had allies outside Quebec 1887: Mercier re­elected as Premier  (Conservatives lost 18 seats) rally on the champs de mars more than 30 000 people there denounces the death of Louis Riel as “unworthy of a civilized Nation” Premiers Conference 1887 Mercier: invites Premiers and Ministers to meet and talk/plays “host” Mowat acts as chairman Voted on 26 resolutions ­ opposition to Ottawa’s ability to change provincial laws ­ senators should not serve for life (not changed until 1970s) ­ interest in abolishing upper houses in provinces  ­ reverse who can control powers in BNA act (expansion of provincial jurisdiction) ­ increased powers for lieut. govs ­ abolition of legislative councils ­ higher subsidies ­ Reciprocity becoming a wedge issue for Liberals vs. MacD
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