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HIS2363 (35)
Lecture

October 2nd Lecture.docx

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Department
History
Course
HIS2363
Professor
Christian Champion
Semester
Fall

Description
October 2  Lecture Last Lecture: Knighthood; “sir” becomes part of your name Ie. Robert Borden becomes Sir Robert Borden Key ideas: Continentalism Laurier  Prime minister of Imperialist country Increasingly anti­imperialist population in Quebec Hanging of Riel; conservatives never really recovered Many political consequences for parties Sir W. Laurier; needs to create a new co­alition Creates Liberal dynasty that rules Canada for the next hundred years Old conservative coalition; pro­empire, pro­confed. people Laurier’s time: Bleu’s have collapsed; rising Nationalism Laurier appeals to British and Anti­British feelings  Laurier (devout Catholic); manages to keep Orangemen on his side Knows Quebec will not tolerate closer ties Very important that Laurier does not sell out to Imperialism Laurier says: “The 20  century will belong to Canada”­appealing to Canadian empire  sentiment; transcontinental will be as powerful as the US in the  Queen Victoria; Diamond Jubilee 1897 Laurier gets knighted on this occasion Question is always:  Should the bonds of empire (Great Britain) be closer or looser? Alternative pull of the US: Continentalism Annexation of the Texas republic; expansionism Annexation Manifesto of 1848; failure to establish reciprocity developed the  Liberals trying to form reciprocity again: Commercial Union Cartwright; Idea was “mal­adroit” Liberals lose election to Sir John A. Conservatives run on British loyalism for the last time. Goldwin Smith Oxford professor who moved to Toronto Joined Canada First but opposed Imperialism Becomes anti­imperialistic Disproved Disraeli, who made Q Vic Empress of India Finds himself at odds with Imperialists in Canada Publishes book: Canada and the Canadian Question Thought “natural lines in Canada run North and South” Canada and US are artificially divided by the British Empire Canadian “nation” was unnatural and should be abandoned Union with USA Bonds were with US; BC had much in Common with American Northwest Maritimes, New England Doesn’t touch Quebec;  Attacks railways Imperials: call it the spine of Empire, not seen as a Canadian accomplishment Attacks CPR that it works against Canadian interests Henri Bourassa Born 1868, Montreal (grandson of Papineau) Goes into politics because of execution of Louis Riel Mericer and Laurier spoke to crowd; was there Begins his interest Has differences with Laurier Laurier: put pol. Interest and compromises first Bourassa: put church first Resigned: “I resolved from that moment to obey the pope”  Becomes an MP Falls into “Little England” idea Happy to find that there are people as anti­imperialist as he is Canadians should not support imperial wars overseas Bour. Develops doctrine: ***Canada should not participate overseas, but it is helpful to be under Imperial umbrella Canadian Nation:  Composed of separate provinces, BUT Composed of French Canadians and English Canadians Laurier’s victory 1896 Inspired ppl with these ideas But disapptd by knighthood South African War: 1899­1902 Dutch settlers  In SA for the past 200 years Assert independence from Britain by founding many little
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