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Canada (509,504)
History (929)
HIS2363 (35)
Lecture

November 25th Lecture.docx

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Department
History
Course
HIS2363
Professor
Christian Champion
Semester
Fall

Description
November 25  Lecture Foreign Affairs After war: Canada as a middle power Large armed forces coming out of the 50s Size of military: main source of Canadian influence (bit of a myth; Australia too, African­american countries too, European countries) Canada doesn’t have any special claim Canada in Nato: underlines a new international confidence Confident about being Canadian Peacekeeping: had a more glamourous image Experience before ww2 Engagement of Canada under St. Laurent and Pearson liberals Reaction to isolationism of 1930s Because M­K priority was to avoid a repetition of ww1 United Nations: based on the failure of the League of Nations United States did not join the League of Nations; did join League of Nations Did not join: isolationist tradition Canadian equivalent: Canada is a fire­proof house Dandurand; was the speaker of the senate Stated 1927 (representing Canada at LofN) League of Nations: talking about mutual insurance against fire D stated: “Canada is a fire­proof house” A fireproof house far from inflammable materials. A vast ocean separates us from  Europe.  This was considered s very quebec perspective; shared by dan. And intellectuals Frank Underhill (one such intellectual) 1929: “All these European troubles, until we have more investments there, are not worth  the bones of the Toronto grenadier” English­Canadian/Ontarian term of isolation Was opposed to wearing poppies Frank Scott: 1930s: It was elderly sadists who were preparing the war dance again OD Skelton: head of Canada’s external affairs Also an isolationist Hoped that Canadians would not respond to the call of the blood (special connection to England) Inter­war years: a low dishonest decade People refused to face facts 1928: Kellogg­Bryon pact signed  Kellogg Bryon ­ an attempt to outlaw war and make it illegal Only penalty for violation: any signatory power should be denied the benefits furnished  by this treaty Mackenzie­K: likelihood of being attacked is very low because of its location Canada is both fortunate in its neighbors and lack of neighbors Credibility of League: Undermined  Japanese invasion of Manchuria Italy under Mussolini invades Abyssinia Canada’s delegate Tried to increase severity of embargo “The Canadian initiative” Geneva 1930s: path to war Hitler denunciates  Hitler creates German Reich Isolation and economic levels Immigration is very low in the 30s Jewish refugees try to enter Canada in 1930s Cuban, American and Canadian gov’t turn them away “St. Louis incident” “None is too many” ­­­Canadian officer Blair (to the ship) must acknowledge passive anti­semnitism 1930s­1920s: Normative anti­semnitism What was the communist party up to? There were 1200 volunteers: organized to go fight in Spain “Mackenzie­Papineau Battalion” new recording Fred Rose: born in Poland as Fischel Rosenburg Joined young communist league Communist Party of Canada Helped network of illegal Russians in Canada and US to obtain Canadian travel  documents To defeat faschism; entitled them to break Canadian law Communists in Canada: saw depression as a good time to overthrow capitalist state Rose published: “Smash the embargo” Ambition of party: To lead the Canadian workers to establish the system similar to that of  the Soviet Union” Molotov­Ribbentrop Pact 24 August 1939: treaty of non­aggression between Germany and the Soviet Union Hitler: ally of Canadian far­left for a time Until Hitle
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