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Lecture

Nov 11th Lecture.docx

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Department
History
Course
HIS2363
Professor
Christian Champion
Semester
Fall

Description
Nov 11  Lecture Canada in the 1920s “Victory Parade” 1919 20  Century: very liberal 1896­1911 15 years 1921­30 9 years 1935­57 22 years 1963­84 21 years 1993­2006 13 years Total: 80 years from 1896­2006 th 70/100 of 20  Century Laurier’s decision makes this chart “Liberals come back” Labour movements Things to take note: More and more trade unions during the course of the war Strike increase Also seeking elective office Shut out by Borden “Winnipeg General Strike” 1919 policed opened fire on strikers peak for labour unreast still remains symbolic of a new sense of solidarity among labor movement Animated by: Presence of 5 000 or more Canadian troops in Russia (1917­18) part of allied forces (British, French, Japanese, American) 4 000 Canadian troops in Siberia (Vladivostok) 1000+ in North of Russia (Normansk, Archangel) ****50 or so in South by Caspian sea Thorn in side of LM Why were Can. In Russia? To strangle bolshevism?? Western end see action “White Generals”  attempt to rescue Russia from Bolshevism 100 Canadians went to Umsk; there too late to help Japanese No deaths on front; no real combat deaths Seen as a mistake by left Liberal movement TF put hope in Soviet Russia Resented imperialists for trying to snuff it out Conservative perspective: This was the opportunity to save the world Pulled out: settle labor unrest at home in Canada Movement: rise of Farmer based parties Began at provincial level:  Govt’s run in Ontario, Alberta, Man. UFO, UFA,  Greenfield premier: farmer  Gov’t run by Brownlee… Fed. Level: Pstgressive party took 65 seats 1921 1  female MP included  Agnes MacPhail Largely Ontario and West. Based party Franchise extended to all qualified women ­there were racial limitations on this (never 100%) 1919: act to confer the electoral franchise upon women (Arthur Meighen) allowed Agnes Macphail to run for Parliament why should farmers have to work 12­14hours to feed urbanites who work  hours? Agnes M: teacher Grew up on a farm From protestant heartland of Ontario Practicing Mormon Banning booze for men Hostile to immigrants Combine progressive ideas with what is not considered digressive Sterilizing mentally disadvantaged Women’s suffrage was main goal… Despite other ideas being regressive “My devotion to Canada was so great and my nerves so taut, tears sprang to my eyes” Left­Wing element of Progressives: Later fo
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