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Lecture 1 (Jan7).docx

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Anthony Dimascio

1/7/2013 Contemporary Canada – Lecture 1 The Rise of Populism: Regional & Labour responses to the Great Depression Third parties – 1920s, farmers in the west, and Ontario, some support from unions, failed Great Depression, rise of left wing party (left wing movement, CCF was a movement) Social Credit: launched during depression Intro 1. The Co-operative Commonwealth Federation a. Organized labour on the march b. CCF’s origins: labour / famer alliance c. The development of the CCF 2. The social Credit movement inAlberta (1930-35) a. Ideological origins of Social Credit b. Major Douglas’doctrine c. Social Credit doctrine invadesAlberta d. Aberhart’s Social Credit government in action - The “Dirty Thirties” spawned a range of left and right wing populist political responses - In Saskatchewan, hard hit farmers joined forces with urban workers to create Canada’s first pan-Canadian social democratic movement & party - Alberta farmers and small business people joined forces to create the Social Credit Party - In British Columbia Duff Pattullo set up a people’s party (Left, right, centre, focus on populism) - In Quebec, Maurice Duplessis forged a coalition of Conservatives, rebellious Liberals, and angry Nationalists: The Union Nationale - Small fascists movements sprouted up in Montreal and Toronto, causing riots between Jews and gentiles o Italian communities; funded and paid for by Italian gov’t. Same thing with Germans - The KKK thrived in the desperate climate of Saskatchewan o FromAmerican immigrants during Laurier years (from mid-west) - Pressured Conservative Government, 1929-1934, to take action against Catholics & French Canadians Organized Labour on the March - Union membership declined in the 20’s and early 30’s o Unions were more for skilled labour, not blue collar work - 1929, Communist Part of Canada founded the Workers Unity League (WUL) to forge industrial unions among miners, loggers and garment workers o Result of Bolshevik revolution, global communions etc o They wanted everyone to be part of unions, skilled or non-skilled  Challenge for employers, strikes cause big problems (Scabs not really available because of this) - WUL was responsible for 50% of strikes in the 30’s and WUL militants helped to establish he industrial union movement throughout Canada - Industrial Unions challenged the old Trades & Labour Congress and backed the rise of the CCF - The US Committee for Industrial Organization (CIO) set up industrial unions in Canada; supported by WUL - CIO unions were successful in Cape Breton’s coal & steel industry - UnitedAuto Workers overcame Premier Hepburn’s opposition & wo
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