Class Notes (835,434)
Canada (509,186)
History (929)
HIS2364 (4)
Lecture

Lecture 1 (Jan7).docx

5 Pages
111 Views
Unlock Document

Department
History
Course
HIS2364
Professor
Anthony Dimascio
Semester
Winter

Description
1/7/2013 Contemporary Canada – Lecture 1 The Rise of Populism: Regional & Labour responses to the Great Depression Third parties – 1920s, farmers in the west, and Ontario, some support from unions, failed Great Depression, rise of left wing party (left wing movement, CCF was a movement) Social Credit: launched during depression Intro 1. The Co-operative Commonwealth Federation a. Organized labour on the march b. CCF’s origins: labour / famer alliance c. The development of the CCF 2. The social Credit movement inAlberta (1930-35) a. Ideological origins of Social Credit b. Major Douglas’doctrine c. Social Credit doctrine invadesAlberta d. Aberhart’s Social Credit government in action - The “Dirty Thirties” spawned a range of left and right wing populist political responses - In Saskatchewan, hard hit farmers joined forces with urban workers to create Canada’s first pan-Canadian social democratic movement & party - Alberta farmers and small business people joined forces to create the Social Credit Party - In British Columbia Duff Pattullo set up a people’s party (Left, right, centre, focus on populism) - In Quebec, Maurice Duplessis forged a coalition of Conservatives, rebellious Liberals, and angry Nationalists: The Union Nationale - Small fascists movements sprouted up in Montreal and Toronto, causing riots between Jews and gentiles o Italian communities; funded and paid for by Italian gov’t. Same thing with Germans - The KKK thrived in the desperate climate of Saskatchewan o FromAmerican immigrants during Laurier years (from mid-west) - Pressured Conservative Government, 1929-1934, to take action against Catholics & French Canadians Organized Labour on the March - Union membership declined in the 20’s and early 30’s o Unions were more for skilled labour, not blue collar work - 1929, Communist Part of Canada founded the Workers Unity League (WUL) to forge industrial unions among miners, loggers and garment workers o Result of Bolshevik revolution, global communions etc o They wanted everyone to be part of unions, skilled or non-skilled  Challenge for employers, strikes cause big problems (Scabs not really available because of this) - WUL was responsible for 50% of strikes in the 30’s and WUL militants helped to establish he industrial union movement throughout Canada - Industrial Unions challenged the old Trades & Labour Congress and backed the rise of the CCF - The US Committee for Industrial Organization (CIO) set up industrial unions in Canada; supported by WUL - CIO unions were successful in Cape Breton’s coal & steel industry - UnitedAuto Workers overcame Premier Hepburn’s opposition & wo
More Less

Related notes for HIS2364

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit