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Lecture 3

Lecture 3 (Jan14).docx

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Department
History
Course
HIS2364
Professor
Anthony Dimascio
Semester
Winter

Description
1/14/2013 Lecture 3 Critical Review: What the author argues? Critique the argument. TA: [email protected] B) Major Douglas’Doctrine - Two simples solutions:Anational dividend to consumers & subsidies to produce to lower prices - Why? Technology & resources made production unlimited - These good were a community’s “Cultural heritage”, “unearned increment”, or Social Credit - Government’s role was to distribute this Social Credit to all citizens - Why? Douglas’famousA + B theorem:A=wages, B= price of goods & material - A+B can never =A: always a shortage of purchasing power - Social Credit would: o Destroy financial coporations’control over capitalist system o Preserve private property, private management, & individual freedom o Socialism and state intervention could be avoided - Did Albertan realities &Aberhart’s leadership change Douglas’s social credit doctrine? Yes, it modified both theory & practice - Henry Wise Wood’s UFA. According to Macpherson, left 3 legacies o One party government o Cabinet rule o Direct delegate democracy  Participatory democracy - Apetit- bourgeois, debtor class of petty commodity producers was the dominant social class inAlberta – the wheat economy prevailed - Members of this petty-bourgeoisie were reduced to subsistence living by the mid-1930’s - Alberta had a quasi-colonial economy and political relationship with central Canada’s economic and political elites - Alberta’s population was heavily fundamentalist in its religious beleifs and practices - Aberhart had strong organizational abilities and was successful in taking over the UFA - It developed a first rate organizational network & raise lots of money based on small donations of farmers - These factors explain the Social Credit movement’s astounding victory inAugust, 1935 (56 of 63 seats) - The Social Credit movement destroyed the United Farmers ofAlberta government & party and replaced it with a more conservative, right-wing, farmers’party - Prior to the electionAberhart remained faithful to Social Credit doctrine & practice - Circumstances would forceAberhart to change Major Douglas’doctrine and practice D) Populism wins the day - Aberhart departed from Social Credit doctrine when he formed an electoral machine and a party - During and after the election,Aberhart went beyond Douglas’s doctrine - He proposed a tax on commodity transactions to fund Social Credit dividends - He imposed conditions – must accept employment – for receiving the social credit dividend - Aberhart used slogans to popularize Social Credit doctrine - Cultural heritage;A+B theorem; unearned increment; basic dividend; & just price were used widely - Ideas were distorted to fitAberhart’s fundamentalist credo & prejudices - An authoritarianAberhart had little faith in the masses - He beleibed there was a general will for change, a general will that he alone could mobilize - He asked allAlbertans to ignore the theoretical details of Social Credit – put their faith in
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