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Lecture 9

HSS1101 Lecture 9: Lecture 9

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University of Ottawa
Health Sciences
Raywat Deonandan

Lecture 9: Aboriginal and Indigenous Health What is an “indigenous” person? -Self-identification as indigenous -Accepted by the community as their member -Historical connection with pre-colonial and/or pre-settler societies -Expressed strong link to the natural resources of the claimed territory -Distinct social, economic, or political systems -Distinct language, culture and beliefs -Part of a portion of society that is non dominant -Desire to maintain ancestral environments and systems as distinctive -Most economic and health disparities today can be linked to a history of conquest, victimization and colonialism In canada… -First nations -Inuit (inuk) -Metis -Indian: First nations person registered under the indian act of 1876 (having status) Reserves -Tracts of Land governed by tribal Chiefs or bands -About half (45%) of registered indians live on reserve -The majority of Non-Status Indians (75%) and Metis (71%) live in urban areas -Inuit live predominantly in rural areas (56%) -other aboriginal refers to respondents who reported more than one identity group and those who reported being a Band member with no aboriginal identity and no registered indian status CMA: Census metropolitan area -The most recent national household survey (NHS) in 2011 showed that 1,400,685 had an aboriginal identity in canada representing 4.3 % of the total national population. This is an increase from 3.8 % in 2006 and 3.3% in 2001 -In the USA, according to the 2010 census, 5.2 million americans (1.7% of the total population) identified as American indian or alaska native -And in australia, aboriginal peoples called aborigines numbered 669,881 in that country’s 2011 census comprising 3% of the national population -Globally, aboriginal populations tend to be younger than non aboriginals Canada- general population Canada’s Indigenous People -The employment rate among aboriginals is lower (63% in 2006) than that of non-aboriginals (76%) -When controlled for age, the unemployment rate for the working-age aboriginal population is more than twice the rate for other canadians of the same age (13% versus 6%) -Fewer aboriginal people between the ages of 25 and 34 obtained high school diplomas than non-aboriginal people -Median income is substantially lower for aboriginal Residential Schooling System The legacy of canada’s residential schools -Odds of dying for children in indian residential schools is 1 in 25 -Odds of dying for canadians serving in WWII is 1 in 26 Aboriginal Health -Many aboriginal people have suffered the loss of culture, languages and traditions through colonial actions, such as forced relocations, the removed several generations of
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