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Lecture 3

HSS 1101 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Alternative Medicine, Endocrinology, Biomedicine


Department
Health Sciences
Course Code
HSS 1101
Professor
Tien Nguyen
Lecture
3

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The Science of Health
Reduconism and Holism
Reduconism:
Reduconist approach to health: breakdown of the human body to its most fundamental
parts (systems: neurology, immunology, endocrinology, pathology, physiology)
Microscopic (biomedical model, biomedicine)
Methods: advanced surgeries and pharmaceucals
Raonale: understanding these mechanisms show allow healing of the body when one
or more of the systems deviate (during disease)
Invasive (targets a speci#c system but a$ects the enre body)
Terary intervenon/ health (“treang” disease)
Deals with symptoms (origins of disease)
The inherent challenge: potenal to disempower the individual
Loss of autonomy (self-responsibility) of their body and well being
Holism:
Holisc approach to health: uni#caon of the systems that comprise the human body,
including the surrounding environment in which it interacts (harmony of physiology,
psychology, and environment)
Macroscopic (nonallopathic model)
Ayurvedic, TCM, naturalpathic
Raonale: healing occurs when the body and mind are in rhythm with nature
Non-invasive (does not a$ect healthy parts of the body)
Primary intervenon (“prevenng” disease)
How life expresses through the human body (origins of health)
Inherent challenge: using tradional scien#c research methodologies (eg reduconist
approach), results are not de#nive
Scien#c validity = proof
Health
Reduconist health: severe and life threatening illness, to be treated immediately
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