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Lecture 3

MUS 1301 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Pierre Attaingnant, Johannes Gutenberg, SackbutPremium

2 pages74 viewsFall 2015

Course Code
MUS 1301
Genvieve Bazinet

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MUS1301- Medieval, Renaissance Eras
Medieval Music (476-1450)-
The time between the fall of Rome and the Age of Discovery
Roman Catholic Church dominated spiritual and administrative force in Medieval
Church and Court vied for political control- profound spirituality in society and therefore
1150-1350 (Age of Cathedrals)
-started in northern France
-Large cathedrals served as houses of worship and municipal civic centres in urban
-Composers were hired here, singers were trained here
1150-1400: the court emerged as a center for the arts (began to hire composers and
musicians as well as visual artists for their own entertainment and to compete with the
-Women were able to participate in court entertainment (not in the church)
-Popular song and dance (not oriented around the church- more free for expression)
Pipe organ, Haut (Loud instruments used for dance such as Sackbut, Shawm,
Cornetto), Bas (soft instruments such as flute (recorder), fiddle (vielle- ancestor of the
violin), harp, lute)
Renaissance Music (1450-1600)-
Intellectual and artistic flowering that began in Italy, then to France and England
Inspired by Greece and Rome, musicians turned to Greek philosophers, dramatists,
and music theorists as no actual music survived from this time
Emphasis on the enormous expressive power of music
New alliance between text and music- accompanying music enhanced and
underscored the meaning of the text to create emotion
Greater range of emotional expression - music was used to represent or stir emotion
Humanism: Emphasis on personal achievement/intellectual independence/discovery
Culture rejoiced in the human form in all its fullness (Michelangelo's David)
New genre of painting- portrait (shows an individual enjoying life)
The Humanities were born: Study of arts, letters, and historical events that have
enriched human spirit
Popular music:
-1460: Johann Gutenberg invented the printing press
-Before this, only one copy was made per song, so manuscripts had to be shared
around so many choirs could sing the same song
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