PAP 2300 Lecture Notes - Petro-Canada, Total Quality Management, Human Resources Development Canada

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Organization Theory and Canadian Public Administration
Outline
- Canadian public administration (federal level)
- Canadian public administration and the influence of organization theory
Questions
-What has been the influence of organization theory on Canadian Public
administration?
- Has public administration in Canada been shaped by any specific organization
theory?
The Canadian Public Administration between 1867-1930
- CPA between 1867 and the early 1900s
-Read the chapter by Barbara Carroll in Robert Leone and Frank Ohemeng (eds.)
Approaching Public Administration: Core Debates and Emerging Issues, Toronto,
Emond Montgomery Publications, 2010.
The Environment and Growth of Public Administration in Canada
Environmental Factors
a. Geography
- Canada is so large
- Influences administration
- Federal government’s presence must be felt all over the land
- Government has to disperse/spread its organizations across Canada
- Passport Office in each large city
- Employees sometimes have to travel
b. Technology Change
- The environment where government works is affected by technological
development.
- The opportunities brought about as a result of these technologies involve
computers, atomic energy, etc... have created problems such as unemployment,
privacy issues, and the misuse of atomic energy.
- The management and operations of public services have been transformed by
such technological advancements.
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c. Culture
- Cultural factors have also been influential in changing the public service.
- Example: the public service has been required to adapt to 3 extremely important
cultural factors in Canada:
1. The constitutional guarantees of the use of English and French languages
- If you can’t speak either one, you won’t be served
- To get a job, you must be bilingual
2. The increasing multicultural character of Canadian society, of Canada right
now
- *Equity
- Women
3. The large number of aboriginal people
d. Demography
-Rapid population growth, especially from the 1900s in Canada.
- Most people moved to urban from rural areas to find jobs.
-Urbanization
- Brought problems to government as more people moved to urban areas:
- Air and water pollution
- Need for more busses, trains, and public transportation
- Housing problems
- To resolve these problems, it requires big government budgets, as well as
close relationships between provincial, municipal, and federal government
- Also resulted in expansion of government in urban areas.
- Another problem is the aging factor:
- In 1997, 12% were over 65
- Need for hospitals and social services
- These people cannot work, they are retired
- Government will have to expand public services
- Increase of minorities
- Expanding services
- Ex: 52% women, 48% men
e. Globalization
- Interdependence among nation states
- Finding international markets
- Immigrants finding better jobs
- Government working with other countries’ governments
- NAFTA
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