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Lecture 1

PHI 1101 Lecture 1: PHI 1150- chapter 1

Course Code
PHI 1101
Mark Brown

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PHI 1150
Chapter 1:
Recognizing Arguments:
-to give an argument is to make a claim and to offer other claims as reasons for its
acceptance. Thus, an argument is a set of claims, one of which is meant to be
supported by the others.
EX: (this is not an argument)
By the end of September in New England, the leaves are already changing to
beautiful browns and reds. The nights are cooler, and the days are noticeably
shorter. Some inhabitants begin to feel a sense of dread as they think of the long
winter to come.
-several claims are made, but as no one of them is offered as a reason for any
other, we have no argument.
EX: (this is an argument) [claim] {support claims}
[The only possible superpower in the world other than the United States is a
unified Europe.] {But divisions and jealousies that date back centuries ensure that
Europe will never present a truly united front. }Obviously, then, [the United States
will continue to be the world's only super power.]
divisions and jealousies of Europe(CLAIMS) supports that the USA is the worlds
only superpower(claim)
EX: She's armed, so she's dangerous.
armed=claim, supports another claim (dangerous)
- a conclusion is a claim meant to be supported by reasons offered in the
argument, a premise is a claim put forth as a reason for a conclusion.
Argument= conclusion + premise
premise: shes armed
conlcusion: shes dangerous
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