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Lecture 3

PHI 1101 Lecture 3: DGD 3 - Sentence Structure

Course Code
PHI 1101
Sardar Hosseini

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Friday, October 2, 2015
Parts of Speech
-Simple sentence / Independent clause: subject + verb (can have an object as well)
- Kathy rowed (the boat). Can stand by itself or can be made into a compound
-Compound sentence: Two or more simple sentences (independent clauses or
complete sentences)
-3 ways to punctuate compound sentences: (they may suggest a tighter or looser
relationship between independent clauses)
Colon - tight & dependent relationship
- usually used to join two independent clauses when you wish to emphasize the
second sentence in the compound sentence. e.g. The creature went on a killing
rampage: he killed Justine, William, Elizabeth and others.
Semi-colon - balanced but related relationship
-usually used to balance equally weighted elements. e.g. Frankenstein was my
favourite novel this semester; in fact, it is my favourite story of all time.
-should be followed by a conjunctive adverb (however, consequently, for instance,
in fact, moreover, therefore, and still)
-can be used to replace the word “whereas”
Coordinating conjunction - fairly loose relationship
- always combine a comma with a coordinating conjunction (and, yet, but, or, so)
-comma is weakest link, so it needs some additional help in linking 2 independent
clauses. e.g. Frankenstein loves his family, but he still withholds important
information from them.
-Sentence Fragments - Word groups that try to pass as a simple sentence or as an
independent clause in a compound sentence but lack something critical for
independence (verb, object, subject, or crucial punctuation
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