PHI 1104 Lecture Notes - Habituation, Glaucon, Descriptive Knowledge

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From prof"s email: main characters of the dialogue traits, role in the dialogue. Socrates, adeimantus, glaucon: method of dialectic and the contrast with competitive or political debates dialectic: discussing something in order to find truth, an argument. This is more important, if we take away the selflessness of the auxiliaries then they are no longer auxiliaries and will not be able to defend the city. Wise because it is able to make good decisions based on truth and knowledge. Moderate because of the potters, farmers, crafts folk (working class) since they allow to be ruled by the smarter higher class people (the guardians) Jutice because of principle of division of labour: theory of the soul: argument for its three parts, what the parts are, the moral vision of a healthy vs unhealthy soul. There are three parts because sometimes e feel opposite things at the same time, therefore we have more than one part to us.

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