PHI 4311 Lecture Notes - Lecture 20: Nationstates, Human Rights Watch
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NAGEL – Problems of Global Justice
•He’s not sure we live in a just world and what a global justice looks like
•Institutions and policies by powerful states
•The concept of justice evaluates criminal law to market economy (broad scope)
•Standards of governing, conduct of war, human rights, etc.
•Intra and inter state
•Nagel is interested in socio-economic justice on a world scale
•The relation of justice and sovereignty
•Equality between citizens and states
•Applies to unified nation-states, not personal, non-political choices of individuals
•Does consistency require global application?
•The sovereign needs to provide an incentive for individuals to work together (set aside
•Hobbes – state of nature to sovereign state
•Inequality in the world economy
•Roughly 20% live on less than a dollar a day
•15% live in “high income” (75$ per day)
•What institutions are appropriate? (Nagel thinks many don’t exist)
•Humanitarian efforts are a clear disaster
•Humanitarianism is important as we owe it to our common man to help meet their
•But what can be done in the world economy to reduce extreme poverty?
•Requires more than mere humanitarian assistance
•The causes of inequality between classes of people (on the state level and international
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