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week 1 & 2 introduction to course & Terms.docx

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Department
Philosophy
Course
PHI1102
Professor
Andrew Sneddon
Semester
Winter

Description
­ Arguments tent to have at least one premise and conclusion. 3 kinds of questions about ethics (A, G, R) 1. Acceptable (are premises acceptable?) 2. Relevant to conclusion 3. Grounds for accepting conclusion What makes something right or wrong, = Normative theory Both applied ethics and normative theory address values Ex: of normative theory: Motive | Act | Effect Because it makes me  I give $$  Thereby saving  Feel good  ­­▯ to charity ▯         a live 3 big positions at the centre of normative theory each emphasizes the motive, act, or  effect 1. Most dominant answer to what makes something right, a big position is            “  Consequentialism” most famous version is called “ Utilitarianism” Utilitarianism= the only way an answer is right or wrong, is dependent of the  effthts of it. actions are right insofar that they maximize happiness or pleasure.   19  century. Jeremy Bentham & J.S Mill. Bentham was powerful and practical. ­ Interested in quantity of pleasure. The  greatest possible happiness (quantative) bentehm tries to give tools to answer the  questions below. Wants the greatest happiness. 2 dimensions to count 1) Number of people affected (or # of people made happy/ unhappy) 2) Ask how happy or how unhappy something makes you (Intensity of happy /  intensity of pain) which outweighs which. Utilitarian’s emphasize only one thing = Happiness. Only had to look at the effect  of happiness. Pluralistic consequentialisms­ they have nuance view on things that matter. They  think happiness matters but its only one thing amongst other things that matter. 
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