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Lecture

Study Questions - Jan. 24

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Department
Philosophy
Course
PHI1104
Professor
Sophie Rietti
Semester
Winter

Description
PHI 1104 – Study Questions th Jan. 24 1. How does Epictetus distinguish between what is your own and what is not your own? - Things that are our own o Opinion, choice, desire, aversion – everything that is our own doing o Things that are by nature free, unhindered, unimpeded - Things that are not our own o Our body, our possessions, our reputations, our offices – everything that is not our own doing o Things that are weak, slavish, hindered and up to others 2. Why is making this distinction essential to being happy? This is essential to being happy because if you regard things that are up to others as your own, you will be hampered, you will suffer, you will get upset and you will blame both the gods and men. However, if you regard as your own only what is in fact yours and what is up to others as up to others, nobody will ever compel you, nobody will hinder you, you will blame nobody, you will not reproach anyone, you will do nothing against your will, nobody will harm you, you will have no enemy, for you will not suffer anything harmful. 3. What, according to Epictetus, should be our attitude towards what is not our own? You should not occupy yourself with them with modest effort, but you must give up some things altogether and postpone others for the present moment. If, however, you wish to both attain these things and to hold office and be rich, you risk failure even to obtain the latter, because you are seeking the former; but you will inevitably fail to attain those things that alone procure freedom and happiness. 4. What does he mean by living and choosing ‘according to nature’? When you are about to undertake some action, remind yourself what kind of action it is. Picture in your mind all the things that will occur when you do that action. That way you will approach the action more securely. If something happens that hinders you, you will say readily, “Well, I did not only want this, but I also wanted to keep my choices in accordance with nature; but I will not do so, if I get irritated about the things that happen.” You should only be proud of what is your own. (E.g. not being proud of a beautiful horse – that is the horse’s good, not your own). - Treat things in li
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