Jan. 30, 2014
• Unlike Hobbes, moralized state of nature – Locke morals come from God – there are
• Among moral rights is the right to property
• So that is Pre-Political: no consent required. Exists prior to political organization
• Property includes first: self-ownership, then one’s rights and liberties, and by extension
other objects one comes to own legitimately.
• We contract to put ourselves under government to have a standard, stable, public,
enforceable rule of law: impartial judges and common, known laws, and enforced
uniformly (none of which are in Hobbes)
• Actual contract, but tacit (as opposed to expressed) – we actually contract by tacitly
• Right of rebellion if our fundamental property rights (including liberties and “Hobbesian”
security rights) are violated.
People always remain sovereign – liberty is inalienable (may not sell oneself into slavery
or “quit one’s station”) – and Supreme Power is fiduciary – holds power in trust.
• Inalienable – you can’t give it away even if you consent
• Locke – there are moral duties in the state of nature (moral realism – just take God out of
• Why can’t you take your own life? Your fundamental right attributes duties to everyone
• You have a right and duty to be educated (fundamental right)
• If the majority agrees to certain legislation, are t