Class Notes (839,242)
Canada (511,223)
Philosophy (1,795)
PHI2183 (60)
Lecture 14

Lecture 14 - Rawl’s critique of Intuitionism

3 Pages
119 Views

Department
Philosophy
Course Code
PHI2183
Professor
Daniel Kofman

This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full 3 pages of the document.
Description
March 6, 2014 Kymlicka – chap. 2 (utilitarianism), 3 (Rawl’s theory) and 1 • The blindness of utilitarianism to distribution • It doesn’t matter how the aggregate good is distributed, as long as it’s maximized • Rawls – distribution matters! Everyone gets some amount of what’s valuable • Intuitions – how do we know if a theory is right? Maybe slavery is right since it maximizes overall happiness. We know slavery is wrong because we have some sort of moral intuition. Rawl’s critique of intuitionism: • Intuition 1: do not harm innocent people • Intuition 2: maximize welfare • Intuition 3: respect equal liberty • Could I assume all 3 intuitions under something higher? Utilitarianism and Consequentialism says you can put it under a higher principle – maximize happiness. • You’ll eventually reach a plurality of highest order principles – making further sub- subsumptions will be plain wrong (utilitarianism) or something trivial/uninformative subsumption • Aristotle adopts this pluralist view – you can’t subsume everything under a highest order principle • This leads to the priority problem – How do you decide conflicts of principles? • Can we only rely on intuition? No way, we can’t adjudicate conflicts between highest order principles except by further intuitions. • Intuitionists can only rely on intuition – they have nothing else to rely on • Rawls says we can do better • Different theorists or citizens will have different rankings between values (say equality and utility) which can each be represented by a distinct ‘indifference curve’(a graph demonstrating equally preferable combinations between the two values), and intuitionism cannot offer any reason for a higher-order preference of one of these indifference curves over another. • Constructive procedure – borrows the idea of a contract (but a hypothetical one) • Features – initially conditions in which the contract will take place is the original condition • Fair selection of principle
More Less
Unlock Document

Only page 1 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit