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Lecture

L16 - Libertarian Critique of Egalitarianism
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Department
Philosophy
Course
PHI2183
Professor
Daniel Kofman
Semester
Winter

Description
March 18, 2014 Robert Nozick’s Libertarian Critique of Rawl’s Egalitarianism Entitlement theory 1. Initial acquisition of property 2. Transfers are consensual (non-coercive) – if you’re entitled to it, no one can take it away 1.1 Individuals have inviolable rights Kant’s injunction: treat people always as ends, never merely as means. • Moral base as everything else 1.2 Rights as side-constraints Dworkin – rights as “trumps” • Cannot infringe on others’rights 1.3 Even rights-consequentialism ruled out (“U. of rights”) because it treats some as mere means rather than ends. Crucial. 2. Self-ownership: People own themselves (following Locke) 2.1 Thus: Entitlement theory (has these elements): -Principle of initial acquisition -Principle of just transfer -Rectificatory justice (Aristotle) 3. Wilt Chamberlain example (patterned theory) – justice unpatterened Liberty upsets patterns If: initial acquisition is just, (and) transfers are non-coercive, the transfers are just. Therefore, whatever pattern emerges from a free market (and new ones constantly emerge) is just. p. 168 Patterned principles of distributive justice necessitate
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