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Lecture

(1) Theories.docx

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Department
Philosophy
Course
PHI2396
Professor
All Professors
Semester
Fall

Description
ndMIDTERM on February 2 will cover the following materialIntroductory lecture general outline of ethical theoriesNot to be too concerned with agapistic and religiously oriented ethics Read virtue ethics Be able to distinguish definitions of different theoriesCallahans article on the WHO organization of healthMiller Browns article on diseaseSusan Sherway and Mary Warrens articles on abortionndCarl TA office hours on Tuesday February 2 at 10am room 219 Arts building Child016uottawaca1 Chapter 1Theories5012010Bioethics type of applied ethics Its the application of general ethical theories principles and rules to problems of therapeutic practice health care delivery and medical and biological researchHippocrates formulated the first code of ethics for health care professionals Hippocratic Oath This Oath outlined how physicians should conduct themselves in their professional practiceBioethics has a close relationship with the lawLaw defines social boundaries and conditions for the health care delivery It is arbitrary and depends on the will of the lawmakers Laws may be unethical Laws hold only in the jurisdiction where they have been passedEthics is a resource for developing a caselaw and for the formulation of medical statutesTheoretical biomedical ethics devises a general framework in which the notions of health and of health care delivery can be situated Results are policyorientedApplied biomedical ethics is caseorientedWhat is right or wrong good or bad depends upon how the person feels about itThis is a noncognitivist metaethical position or ethical noncognitivismMetaethical position saying something about ethics Metaabove or afterEthical noncognitivism ethics depends on feelings No matter how much logic or reasoning is used you can never settle a disagreement on what is right In other words we think we are right because it feels rightHowever our feelings or emotions may be fundamentally at variance with what we take to be ethically correct Ex A physician may reject abortions on an emotional level but agree that women have a right to abortions when ethically speakingEthical relativism ethics is relative to a particular point of view different people hold different ethical positions What is right or wrong is based on reasoning and not just on feelings but there is no objective and universal right or wrong Every individual or group has their own values and understanding of what is right and wrongProblems with ethical relativismIt confuses what is believed legislated or otherwise promulgated by a group of individuals with the question whether the people who accept this are correctBelieving that one is right does not necessarily make one rightIt assumes that if people agree on something then it must be true
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