Class Notes (836,580)
Canada (509,856)
Philosophy (1,795)
PHI3170 (20)

Lecture 5

3 Pages
Unlock Document

Daniel Kofman

Sept. 19, 2013 Analytic Conditions Project and 1. RECAPITULATION: contemporary epistemology dominated by Conditions Project: attempt to identify the necessary and sufficient conditions for knowledge. Three very distinct approaches: 1.1- Analytic approach: attempts to identify conditions of inferential propositional knowledge (S knows the P) that are logically or conceptually necessary, by analyzing the concept of knowledge – this is thought to yield a priori knowledge of the conditions of knowledge. -Propositional knowledge that is inferred 1.2 - Naturalistic approach (Quine, Kornblith, Stroud) – conceived as empirical: scientific study: how human organism acquires knowledge about its environment; thus about the necessary conditions for human organism to know things. Supplanting, not complementary to analytic. 1.3 – Transcendental approach: the conditions of knowledge are epistemic – they “reflect the structure of the cognitive apparatus” (Allison) and are available only through ‘transcendental’ analysis. Conditions are a prior and can be investigated only by a priori means, not empirically. 2. Challenge for analytic approach: to identify conditions of fallibly justified (including empirical) knowledge that still jointly distinguish it from (mere) true belief that’s not knowledge. 3. Questions:  (3.1) - Do we need a conditional account of knowledge?  (3.2) - Is a conditional account of knowledge (analytically conceived) possible? Williamson: No to 3.2, hence to 3.1. Analysis need not preclude circularity if concept primitive. (Note analytic assumption: jointly necessary and sufficient conditions iff analyzed concept). Red  Colored ^ Red -Colored is a necessary condition for Red Knowledge  Belief + Knowledge -knowledge is a primitive concept 4. No Luck Constraint: The necessary condition of traditional analysis that true belief be justified (or for Ayer: one have a ‘right’ to be sure) aims to prevent lucky guessing. (e.g. Kant, Critique). 5. Gettier: one can have justified belief that is true –JTB analysis – but still only by luck (i.e. in relation to justification) Structure of Gettier counterexamples: (i) S justifiably believes P (ii) P is false (Assumption: internal justification fallible) (iii) (P  Q) (iv) Q (happens to be true, ‘luckily,’ i.e. not
More Less

Related notes for PHI3170

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.