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Lecture 17

Lecture 17 - Foundationalism vs. Coherentism

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University of Ottawa
Daniel Kofman

Nov. 12, 2013 FOUNDATIONALISM VS COHERENTISM  Debate between foundationalists and coherentists – how our beliefs “hang together” – how they’re related  Foundationalists’ replies to skepticism – doubts cast on the incorrigibility of the foundations and inductive knowledge (inductive beliefs)  Not linear conclusions from the conclusions – still inductive (can’t be 100% certain)  Empiricists are holists in terms of beliefs  Truth, justification, and meaning  Main objection to coherentism will still bother somebody after holist claims – a belief should be true if its saying something true about the world – there must be some kind of anchoring in the real world  Even though our knowledge of the world is mediated by some kind of experience (sensory experience), there must be something privilege about that kind of belief formation as opposed to other beliefs you might have  objection to coherentism – you can have more than 1 – plurality of system and beliefs which are not consistent with each other but score equally well in terms of comprehensiveness and density which coherentists insist make a good belief  but if they’re inconsistent with each other…  giving beliefs epistemic status – coherentists won’t say these beliefs aren’t incorrigible HUME  radical empiricist  impressions  1- substance: Hume – things are just bundles of properties, but our mind postulates the view that there is some substance in which the properties in here (but we never actually experience that substance, only the properties)  Skepticism about properties  2- The constancy of body – properties remain the same  3- Self: When I look inwards, you don’t see a self, only perceptions – reflect on your own thoughts but never perceive a self  Does cause really exist?  For Hume, you witness event 1 (ball 1 hits ball 2)  Event 2 – ball 2 careens off  You haven’t witnessed ball 1 causing ball 2 to move  If you had never previously witnessed causal co
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