Parliamentary and Presidential Systems
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A) Parliamentary System
1) Dual Executive: Head of Government (Prime Minister) and Head of State (acts as Arbritrator,
Example: Governor General)
-Parliamentary Monarchies and Parliamentary Republics.
2) Fusion of Legislative and Executive Powers
-Members of the executive are also members of parliament.
3) Responsible Government
- Question of Confidence; the house can make the government fall
- The executive can dissolve the legislature.
B) Presidential System
1) One Centre of Executive Authority
2) Separation Between the Legislative and Executive Powers
- The executive is not responsible to the legislature: the legislature can't dismiss the president and the
president has no power to dissolve the assembly.
3) Check and Balances
- Vetoes and Counter-Vetoes.
- Works like a parliamentary system (responsible government) but the president, directly elected, is the
dominant political position.
- The president can dissolve the house and formally appoints the Prime Minister.
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