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POL 1101 (100)

Federalism and Federations

Political Science
Course Code
POL 1101
Andre Lecours

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Federalism and Federations
1) Federalism as a Principle: Unity (Shared Rule) and Diversity (Self Rule).
2) Federations:
- The Levels of Governments are sovereign in their jurisdictions and this Division of Power is in the
- Amending Formula involves Federated Units (Cannot be Changed Unilaterally).
- Representation of Units in National Institutions.
3) Unitary States:
· Power is Delegated (Not Constitutionally Protected).
· Regional Units not involved in the Amending Formula.
- Typically more Centralized than Federations
4) Confederations: Unions of Independent States.
5) Mechanisms of Intergovernmental Relations and Fiscal Issues: Conditional/Unconditional
Transfers of Money
6) Political Use of Federalism:
- Fragmenting Power (US)
- Managing Cultural Diversity (Switzerland, Canada)
-Managing Large Territory
7) Key Concepts:
-Centralization vs Decentralization (Subject to importance of various factors).
-Symmetrical vs Asymmetrical Federalism (Equality or Inequality among Constituencies).
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