Class Notes (806,529)
Canada (492,283)
POL1101 (150)

Notes from Entire Year

19 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Ottawa
Political Science
Daniel Pierre- Antoine

Studying PoliticsWhy Studyo Politics is a vital part of lifeHelps reduce conflict because large groups of people have differing viewsMakes decisions that try to benefit society by reducing conflictPoliticians have unique tough job o Helps understand surroundings What do people want What does the government provide How do we deal with others o Organizes people in social environmentsWhat is Politics o The study of power conflict and resolutionWho gets what When HowPolitics must allocate resources consider best avenues to please many o Associated with many negative connotations Politicians are pigs scapegoats politics is a lie act of corruption unnecessary etc o Its main goal is equality although it fails through controversy o Narrow definition What politicians do anything relating to power and governing conflicts between people and governance o Broader def Anything to do with collective life debates common good decisions o Democratic decisionmaking needed to ensure acceptable conduct no voteno right to complain o Public goods welfare safety freedoms depend on type of government liberaldictatorship o Political life is competition for goods money food power and nonmaterials imposing beliefsLimited distributed unequally divides social strata into rich and poor o Decisions enforced by laws military not natural relationship and affects social relationsSubFields of Political Studies o Political PhilosophyStudy of ideologies o Political InstitutionsPolitical regimes states rulers o Political Culture Behavior and SocializationHow people think and act politics o International PoliticsRelations between states o Public PolicyProcesses and decisions of government o Public AdministrationBureaucracyo Political EconomyRelationship between politics and economicsApproaches Used in the Study of Politics o What took placeHowWhyWho didnt benefitedHow did power changepolitics o Aristotle Politics inherently human because only we have logos o Political science is the examination of events governance of social units allocation of powerresponsibility relationships between actors o Analytical approach is the oldest and common focusing on empirical dataNot science because facts and values cant be separated causing bias o Behaviouralism 50s 60s in US focused on tangible and wanted objectivity with sci methodCriticized because ignored human values which always exist in real lifePostbehaviouralism works to improve o Structural functionalism Role of political structures and functions Effect of legislature judiciaryPart of systems theory system of interaction and how powerinfo flows o Political economists focus on relation between power and wealthDivision and Connection in a Changing World o Only thing certain is change o More people of differentsimilar political economic cultural lives are linked because globalizationParadox Know more about others but dont understand o More interaction with certain actors leads to reduced interaction with othersDomestic and International Politics o Borders dont divide nations o Domestic politics deals with internal workings of one country international is 2 countriesCitizens and Canada o Membership legal relationship to country coming with rights and responsibilities Political ConceptsPower o Social relation between two actors distributed in many ways o Capacity to affect decisionsoutcome of social interaction and ability to create hierarchy o Can be gained in dynamicactive way through war and economics or in static way through politics o Two formsCoercionHard power threat to use force exterior negative sanctionsInfluence Most common and important soft power through politics and mediaManipulation o Actor with power is lying ambiguous situations in PR spin manipulation for the greater goodPersuasion o Actor with power is sincere trying to convince its the best argument obstacles in own knowledge audience knowledge and access o Susan Strange Relational power making people do things vs structural power changing politicallegalsocial environment to make others cooperate o Intentions matter
More Less

Related notes for POL1101

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.